Males are smaller than females and may have a two week head start in life. They actively search for females in warm parts of the day.Females can be seen walking on the ground near violets where they lay fertilized eggs at a rate of about one per plant. The caterpillar that hatches eats the leaves off many types of violets in late summer. It retreats in a shelter of leaves for the winter and emerges again in the spring when violets begin growing. They will pupate for two to three weeks in early summer. Adults can be seen drinking nectar from a variety of wildflowers. Milkweed, dogbane, thistle and Joe Pye weed are popular flowering plants that feed adults.
Meadows, fields, woods, marshes, bogs, prairies and barren land are all home to the Aphrodite Fritillary. Various elevations also suit this species, so high ranges and mountains are normal habitats.