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  • Cabbage White Butterfly - (Pieris rapae)

    Cabbage White Butterfly - (Pieris rapae)

    The European Cabbage White Butterfly has become a charming, yet ubiquitous pest.

    Picture of Cabbage White Butterfly

    Staff Writer (12/12/2013): The white wings of this species have charcoal gray tips. Males have 1 black spot on the center of each forewing, while females have 2 spots in the same place. The color under the forewings may be yellow or light green and is visible if the wings are closed.

    The green caterpillar eats cabbage, nasturtiums and other plants related to mustard. It is covered with hairs and has 5 yellow lines running down its length.

    The abundant Cabbage White Butterfly can bee seen fluttering around from early spring to late autumn. They are well-adapted to living in urban areas. They can be found in fields, meadows, parks and gardens. Because the caterpillar is fond of eating the leaves of cabbage and other cruciferous vegetables like broccoli and cauliflower, they are considered a garden pest and require pesticides to control the populations.

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    Details of the:
    Cabbage White Butterfly

    Category: Butterfly or Moth
    Common name: Cabbage White Butterfly
    Scientific Name: Pieris rapae
    Other Names: Small White; European Cabbage White

      Kingdom: Animalia
       Phylum: Arthropoda
        Class: Insecta
         Order: Lepidoptera
          Family: Pieridae
           Genus: Pieris
            Species: rapae

    Size (Adult, Length): 30mm to 50mm (1.18in to 1.97in)

    Identifying Colors: white; black; gray; yellow

    Additional Descriptors: dot

    North American Reach (Though Not Limited To*): Alabama; Alaska; Arizona; Arkansas; California; Colorado; Connecticut; Delaware; Florida; Georgia; Hawaii; Idaho; Illinois; Indiana; Iowa; Kansas; Kentucky; Louisiana; Maine; Maryland; Massachusetts; Michigan; Minnesota; Mississippi; Missouri; Montana; Nebraska; Nevada; New Hampshire; New Jersey; New Mexico; New York; North Carolina; North Dakota; Ohio; Oklahoma; Oregon; Pennsylvania; Rhode Island; South Carolina; South Dakota; Tennessee; Texas; Utah; Vermont; Virginia; Washington; West Virginia; Wisconsin; Wyoming; Alberta; British Columbia; Manitoba; New Brunswick; Newfoundland and Labrador; Nova Scotia; Ontario; Prince Edward Island; Quebec; Saskatchewan; Mexico

    * Keep in mind that an insect's reach is not limited by lines on a map and therefore may appear in areas/regions/states beyond those listed above.