Darkling beetles tend to walk with their heads down, as if they cannot see where they are going. This results in their abdomen being lifted higher than the head. Many stand still if disturbed, but eventually raise their back end into to air in preparation for defense. They are capable of discharging a foul-smelling secretion from the tip of the abdomen toward a would-be attacker. This advantage is also seen in skunks, so this beetle is also known as a Skunk Beetle. A face-full of this disgusting chemical usually scares off predators.
A species of field mouse that feeds on Darkling Beetles has been seen to counter such an attack by holding the beetle's butt down to the ground and eating it head first.
This type of beetle can be found roaming the arid Sonoran desert, especially around mesquite and oak trees. It burrows under the sand when intense daylight heats up the ground, and comes out at night to look for food in the cooler climate. Its diet consists of fungi, animal detritus and plant matter.
Common name: Darkling Beetle
Scientific Name: Eleodes spp.
Other Names: Skunk Beetle, Head Stander
Adult Size (Length): 25mm to 35mm (0.98in to 1.38in) COMPARE
Identifying Colors: black
General Description: slow, tilted, head-down, stink,
North American Reach (Though Not Limited To*): Alabama; Arkansas; Colorado; Connecticut; Delaware; Florida; Georgia; Illinois; Indiana; Kansas; Kentucky; Louisiana; Maine; Maryland; Massachusetts; Michigan; Minnesota; Mississippi; Missouri; New Hampshire; New Jersey; New York; North Carolina; Ohio; Pennsylvania; Rhode Island; South Carolina;Tennessee; Vermont; Virginia; West Virginia; Wisconsin; Ontario; New Brunswick; Newfoundland and Labrador; Nova Scotia; Ontario; Prince Edward Island; Quebec
* Keep in mind that insect reach is not governed by lines on a map and therefore may appear in areas/regions/states beyond those listed above.