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  • Formica Ant - (Formica spp.)

    Formica Ant - (Formica spp.)

    Formica Ants do not sting, but they can bite if threatened. Their greater defense comes from the formic acid they can spray from their abdomen.


    Picture of Formica Ant


    Staff Writer (1/16/2014): Ants in the Formica genus have only 1 knob (bump) between the thorax and abdomen. They feed on the honeydew created by aphids (also in photo). The Formica Ant may actually act as a shepherd to the smaller aphids, moving them to an area of the plant so pull out the juices where the ant can then take the honeydew (juice) for itself.

    This group of ants do not sting, but they can bite as well as spray formic acid from the tips of their abdomens. Colonies form in open grassland or under stones.

    Professional exterminators should be contacted in the event of an infestation indoors.



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    Details of the:
    Formica Ant


    Category: Bee, Ant, Wasp and Similar
    Common name: Formica Ant
    Scientific Name: Formica spp.
    Other Names: Black Ant, Silky Ant, Red Ant

    Taxonomy:
      Kingdom: Animalia
       Phylum: Arthropoda
        Class: Insecta
         Order: Hymenoptera
          Family: Formicidae
           Genus: Formica
            Species: spp.





    Size (Adult, Length): 3mm to 12mm (0.12in to 0.47in)

    Identifying Colors: black; brown; red

    Additional Descriptors: small, biting, colony, infest


    North American Reach (Though Not Limited To*): Alabama; Alaska; Arizona; Arkansas; California; Colorado; Connecticut; Delaware; Florida; Georgia; Hawaii; Idaho; Illinois; Indiana; Iowa; Kansas; Kentucky; Louisiana; Maine; Maryland; Massachusetts; Michigan; Minnesota; Mississippi; Missouri; Montana; Nebraska; Nevada; New Hampshire; New Jersey; New Mexico; New York; North Carolina; North Dakota; Ohio; Oklahoma; Oregon; Pennsylvania; Rhode Island; South Carolina; South Dakota; Tennessee; Texas; Utah; Vermont; Virginia; Washington; West Virginia; Wisconsin; Wyoming; Alberta; British Columbia; Manitoba; New Brunswick; Newfoundland and Labrador; Nova Scotia; Ontario; Prince Edward Island; Quebec; Saskatchewan; Mexico


    * Keep in mind that an insect's reach is not limited by lines on a map and therefore may appear in areas/regions/states beyond those listed above.