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  • Longhorn Bee - (Melissodes bimaculata)

    Longhorn Bee - (Melissodes bimaculata)

    The exceptionally long antennae, or "horns" on males help differentiate them from other bees.


    Picture of Longhorn Bee


    Staff Writer (5/22/2015): Longhorn Bees have antennae that are about twice as long as usual. The genus has at least 100 different species and they vary in coloration. This particular species has two light spots near the end of its abdomen that boldly stand out against its black body. For this reason, its species name is bimaculata ("bi" meaning two; "macula" meaning spot). The hind legs have long yellow hairs on them, making them easier to tell apart from other medium-sized bees.

    Longhorn Bees are quite common throughout North America. In the spring and early summer, they can be found collecting pollen from a variety of blooming flowers, especially in agricultural fields. Despite their ubiquity, few species have been studied well, so little is known about them. It is believed that females collect pollen grains for future consumption by newly hatched bee larvae.

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    Details of the:
    Longhorn Bee


    Category: Bee, Ant, Wasp and Similar
    Common name: Longhorn Bee
    Scientific Name: Melissodes bimaculata

    Taxonomy:
      Kingdom: Animalia
       Phylum: Arthropoda
        Class: Insecta
         Order: Hymenoptera
          Family: Apidae
           Genus: Melissodes
            Species: bimaculata

    Size (Adult, Length): 7mm to 17mm (0.28in to 0.67in)

    Identifying Colors: black, yellow, white

    Additional Descriptors: fuzzy, spots


    North American Reach (Though Not Limited To*): Alabama; Alaska; Arizona; Arkansas; California; Colorado; Connecticut; Delaware; Florida; Georgia; Hawaii; Idaho; Illinois; Indiana; Iowa; Kansas; Kentucky; Louisiana; Maine; Maryland; Massachusetts; Michigan; Minnesota; Mississippi; Missouri; Montana; Nebraska; Nevada; New Hampshire; New Jersey; New Mexico; New York; North Carolina; North Dakota; Ohio; Oklahoma; Oregon; Pennsylvania; Rhode Island; South Carolina; South Dakota; Tennessee; Texas; Utah; Vermont; Virginia; Washington; West Virginia; Wisconsin; Wyoming; Alberta; British Columbia; Manitoba; New Brunswick; Newfoundland and Labrador; Nova Scotia; Ontario; Prince Edward Island; Quebec; Saskatchewan; Mexico


    * Keep in mind that an insect's reach is not limited by lines on a map and therefore may appear in areas/regions/states beyond those listed above.