The male Ox beetle has horns growing off of the pronotum ('shoulder plate'). In young males, they are more like bumps. Females do not have either. Males use these horns to fight over females.
Ox Beetles are dense-looking beetles and are quite hairy on their ventral side ('belly'). They are nocturnal, and therefore usually seen at night. Their habitat is pine forests and they can be found in most of the gulf and Atlantic coastal states. Adults eat decaying tree roots.
Nocturnal larvae are C-shaped grubs that hatch from a burrow in the ground. Females lay eggs there and bring leaf litter into the burrow so the newly hatched larvae have a food supply. As they mature, they begin to eat decaying tree roots like adults.
Common name: Ox Beetle
Scientific Name: Strategus anteus
Adult Size (Length): 31mm to 60mm (1.22in to 2.36in) COMPARE
Identifying Colors: black; brown
General Description: hairy, horn, rhino, bump, flying
North American Reach (Though Not Limited To*): Florida; Georgia; South Carolina; North Carolina; Alabama; Mississippi; Texas
* Keep in mind that insect reach is not governed by lines on a map and therefore may appear in areas/regions/states beyond those listed above.