• HOME
  • True Bugs
  • Spiders
  • Beetles
  • Bees & Ants
  • Butterflies
  • Insects By State
  • Ox Beetle - (Strategus anteus)

    Ox Beetle - (Strategus anteus)

    The hefty Ox Beetle makes a grand first impression, though their larvae are quite ordinary




    Staff Writer (1/7/2016): The male Ox beetle has horns growing off of the pronotum ('shoulder plate'). In young males, they are more like bumps. Females do not have either. Males use these horns to fight over females.

    Ox Beetles are dense-looking beetles and are quite hairy on their ventral side ('belly'). They are nocturnal, and therefore usually seen at night. Their habitat is pine forests and they can be found in most of the gulf and Atlantic coastal states. Adults eat decaying tree roots.



    Nocturnal larvae are C-shaped grubs that hatch from a burrow in the ground. Females lay eggs there and bring leaf litter into the burrow so the newly hatched larvae have a food supply. As they mature, they begin to eat decaying tree roots like adults.

    ©2005-2016 www.InsectIdentification.org. All Rights Reserved. No Reproduction Permitted. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from www.InsectIdentification.org is strictly prohibited. Material presented throughout this website is for entertainment value and should not to be construed as usable for scientific research or medical advice (insect bites, etc...). Please consult licensed, degreed professionals for such information. Email corrections / Comments to InsectIdentification at Gmail dot com.


    Details of the:
    Ox Beetle


    Category: Beetle
    Common name: Ox Beetle
    Scientific Name: Strategus anteus

    Taxonomy:
      Kingdom: Animalia
       Phylum: Arthropoda
        Class: Insecta
         Order: Coleoptera
          Family: Scarabaeidae
           Genus: Strategus
            Species: anteus

    Size (Adult, Length): 31mm to 60mm (1.22in to 2.36in)

    Identifying Colors: black; brown

    Additional Descriptors: hairy, horn, rhino, bump, flying


    North American Reach (Though Not Limited To*): Florida; Georgia; South Carolina; North Carolina; Alabama; Mississippi; Texas


    * Keep in mind that an insect's reach is not limited by lines on a map and therefore may appear in areas/regions/states beyond those listed above.