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  • Spitting Spider - (Scytodes spp.)

    Spitting Spider - (Scytodes spp.)

    A Spitting Spider has no web to care for and does not chase insects. It sprays a sticky spit at an insect to ensure it can't escape.




    Staff Writer (6/25/2014): This spider earned its name by spraying its prey with a sticky secretion. When a Spitting Spider approaches a possible meal, it taps one of its long front legs between it and the insect in order to gauge the distance. It will come within range and then spit at the insect. The Spitting Spider quickly sways its head from side-to-side to form crisscrossing bands that pin the insect prey to the ground or whatever is behind it. Big insects may get sprayed multiple times in order to subdue them. Once the prey is subdued, quickly wraps it in spider silk, spinning it between the back legs while quickly winding the silk. The Spitting Spider than bites the insect, injecting venomous fluid that liquefies the internal parts of the prey's body. It consumes the insect on site unlike other spiders that may drag it to a lair for later consumption.

    They can be found in woods, under rocks, stones and leaf litter, and in cellars and closets of homes. Its long, gangling legs make it look like its walking on stilts. They are slow-moving, nocturnal hunters.

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    Details of the:
    Spitting Spider


    Category: Spider
    Common name: Spitting Spider
    Scientific Name: Scytodes spp.

    Taxonomy:
      Kingdom: Animalia
       Phylum: Arthropoda
        Class: Arachnida
         Order: Araneae
          Family: Scytodidae
           Genus: Scytodes
            Species: spp.

    Size (Adult, Length): 4mm to 9mm (0.16in to 0.35in)

    Identifying Colors: brown; black; yellow

    Additional Descriptors: speckled, biting, venomous


    North American Reach (Though Not Limited To*): Alabama; Arizona; California; Colorado; Florida; Georgia; Louisiana; Mississippi; Nevada; New Mexico; Texas


    * Keep in mind that an insect's reach is not limited by lines on a map and therefore may appear in areas/regions/states beyond those listed above.