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Insect Identification

Wolf Spider - (Hogna aspersa)

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 8/27/2014

The Wolf Spider female is a good caretaker of her young; something not usually expected with arachnids.

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The Wolf Spider hunts at night, spending the daytime hiding in a burrow under stones, logs or other undisturbed places. They have been known to burrow in homes at times. Their large size makes them intimidating and feared. They are known to bite when handled, though their venom is not medically known to be very harmful to humans. Given their size, one can imagine the fangs are also proportionately large, adding to the pain of a bite.

After mating in the fall, males die and females overwinter. They lay their eggs in the spring and bundle them in a sac spun from spider silk. Once hatched, the small spiderlings climb on the back of the mother and spend the summer there, growing in size, but not to full maturity yet. Both mother and spiderlings overwinter together. The next summer, the spiderlings reach full size and maturity, leaving the mother and starting life on their own.

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Category: Spider
Common name: Wolf Spider
Scientific Name: Hogna aspersa
Other Names: Tiger Wolf Spider

Taxonomy:
  Kingdom: Animalia
   Phylum: Arthropoda
    Class: Arachnida
     Order: Araneae
      Family: Lycosidae
       Genus: Hogna
        Species: aspersa

Adult Size (Length): 16mm to 25mm (0.63in to 0.98in) COMPARE

Identifying Colors: brown; black; tan; yellow

General Description: biting, venomous


North American Reach (Though Not Limited To*): Alabama; Alaska; Arizona; Arkansas; California; Colorado; Connecticut; Delaware; Florida; Georgia; Idaho; Illinois; Indiana; Iowa; Kansas; Kentucky; Louisiana; Maine; Maryland; Massachusetts; Michigan; Minnesota; Mississippi; Missouri; Montana; Nebraska; Nevada; New Hampshire; New Jersey; New Mexico; New York; North Carolina; North Dakota; Ohio; Oklahoma; Oregon; Pennsylvania; Rhode Island; South Carolina; South Dakota; Tennessee; Texas; Utah; Vermont; Virginia; Washington; West Virginia; Wisconsin; Wyoming; Alberta; British Columbia; Manitoba; New Brunswick; Newfoundland and Labrador; Nova Scotia; Ontario; Prince Edward Island; Quebec; Saskatchewan; Mexico


* Keep in mind that insect reach is not governed by lines on a map and therefore may appear in areas/regions/states beyond those listed above.


NOTE: Material presented throughout this website is for entertainment value and should not to be construed as usable for scientific research or medical advice (insect bites, etc...). Please consult licensed, degreed professionals for such information. Email corrections / Comments to InsectIdentification at Gmail dot com.
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