The colorful and well-patterned Basswood Leafroller has a lot going on visually, effectively attracting and keeping one's attention.
Basswood Leafroller adults do not roll leaves, but their larvae do. Adults generally rest with wings open flat. The upper edges of the forewings have yellow spots outlined in dark brown that vary in size and shape, but collectively look like drips of yellow paint on a white background. The lower part of the wings are dark brown with a purple hue. The dark hindwings are lighter yellow toward the middle and bottom edges, and each has a single white dot in each center. Many individuals have a yellow appearance overall. They are attracted to lights at night.
Caterpillars eat leaves from basswood, oak, and elm trees. They have a few forms: a green or white body with a black head, or a yellowish-white body with a red head. The caterpillar uses its silk to help roll a leaf around itself. It repeatedly tacks a silk line between the center of the leaf and the outer edge, rolling it as it goes. This provides the caterpillar protection from the elements as well as predators.
Scientific Name: Pantographa limata
Butterfly or Moth
Size (Adult; Length): 25mm to 38mm (0.98in to 1.48in)
Note: An insect's reach is not limited by lines drawn on a map and therefore species may appear in areas, regions and/or states beyond those listed above as they are driven by environmental factors (such as climate change), available food supplies and mating patterns. Grayed-out selections indicate that the subject in question has not been reported in that particular territory. U.S. states and Canadian provinces / territories are clickable to their respective bug listings.
Butterfly and Moth Anatomy
Antennae: Butterflies and Moths have a pair of antennae on the head used as sensors.
Head: The head is home to the insect's eyes, antennae, and proboscis.
Thorax: Home to the three pairs of legs as well as vital internal organs.
Abdomen: Contains vital internal organs such as the heart(s) and reproduction facilities.
Forewing: The upper, forward wing pair used for flying.
Hindwing: The lower, rearward wing pair used for flying.
NOTE: Butterflies and Moths are part of the Lepidopteran order as they share many similarities.