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Bird Grasshopper (Schistocerca spp.)


Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Bird Grasshopper.




This type of large, plant-eating grasshopper can be a pest, and various species are found from coast to coast.



 Updated: 6/9/2020; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.InsectIdentification.org


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Strong fliers and sometimes quite large, it is no mystery why this type of grasshopper is compared to birds. The pale body is ideal for blending in with grasses and stems, but crops are also food sources for Bird Grasshoppers, which are often referred to as locusts. In large numbers, they are pests, but in North America, their impact does not devastate. They have short antennae and overlapping plaits on the legs. Many species look so similar it is near impossible to tell them apart in the field. Small red dots are actually mites, which can help control the number of grasshoppers.

Nymphs are young grasshoppers, and they look just like small versions of adults with short wings, or no visible wings at that stage. They may be pale or even white depending on how young they are. Congregations can be made of grasshoppers in multiple life stages. Despite the various species on this continent, only one shows authentic swarming behavior.
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General Characteristics
Capability, Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers
Insect antennae icon
Flying insect icon
Jumping insect icon
Patterned insect icon


Taxonomic Hierarchy
Species Breakdown
Kingdom: Animalia
  Phylum: Arthropoda
    Class: Insecta
      Order: Orthoptera
        Family: Acrididae [ View More ]
          Genus: Schistocerca [ View More ]
            Species: spp.
Identifying Information
Size, Colors, Descriptors
Scientific Name: Schistocerca spp.
Category: Grasshopper or Cricket
Size (Adult; Length): 25mm to 50mm (0.98in to 1.95in)
Colorwheel Graphic Colors: tan; brown; orange; green; yellow; red
Descriptors: flying; jumping; short antennae; red dot mites; locust; big; long
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Relative Size Comparison
Lo: 25mm | Hi: 50mm
Territorial Reach (A-to-Z)
U.S., Canada, and Mexico
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
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Alberta
British Columbia
Manitoba
New Brunswick
Newfoundland and Labrador
Nova Scotia
Ontario
Prince Edward Island
Quebec
Saskatchewan
Mexican National Flag Graphic
Mexico
Note: An insect's reach is not limited by lines drawn on a map and therefore species may appear in areas, regions and/or states beyond those listed above as they are driven by environmental factors (such as climate change), available food supplies and mating patterns.
Territorial Map
U.S., Canada, and Mexico
Alaska  
Hawaii  
Prince Edward Is.  
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