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Bold Jumping Spider (Phidippus audax)

Detailing the identifying qualities of the Bold Jumping Spider, including physical features and territorial reach.

 Updated: 2/8/2018; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©

  Bold Jumping Spider  
Picture of Bold-Jumping-Spider

The tiny and hairy Bold Jumping Spider has a lot of audacity and isn't afraid to eat creatures much larger than itself.

As a member of the Salticidae family, this small jumping spider has the ability to leap more than 4 times its own body length. The rapid-fire pouncing allows it to ambush insect prey that it has stalked. It also enables the spider to have a surprise escape from possible predators. Because they are so difficult to catch, it is unlikely observers will ever get bitten by one. They can and will bite, but their venom is not lethal and may only cause a stinging sensation.

Bold Jumping Spiders have strong colors as well as behavior. The black spider has a white line crossing the upper part of its abdomen. Two bright, white dots are closer to the rear. Pedipalps and legs have white hairy patches on them. This ubiquitous spider can be found in virtually any habitat, including homes, offices, and cars. They are wandering hunters and do not spin webs. To catch most insects, they are most active in the daytime when they can see their prey. Like other Jumping Spiders, Bold Jumpers create a small retreat for themselves to rest in that is lined in spider silk. This is also where they will take their catch and consume it.

Bold Jumping Spider Information

Category: Spider
Common Name: Bold Jumping Spider
Scientific Name: Phidippus audax
Other Name(s): Daring Jumping Spider, Bold Jumper

Taxonomy Hierarchy

 Arrow graphic Kingdom: Animalia
  Arrow graphic Phylum: Arthropoda
   Arrow graphic Class: Arachnida
    Arrow graphic Order: Araneae
     Arrow graphic Family: Salticidae
      Arrow graphic Genus: Phidippus
       Arrow graphic Species: audax

Size, Identifying Tags and Territorial Reach

Size (Adult, Length): Size (Adult, Length): 6 mm to 15 mm (0.234 inches to 0.585 inches)
Identifying Colors: black, white, green,gray
Additional Descriptors: fast, jumping, pouncing, hairy, venomous, biting, striped

North American Territorial Reach (Though Not Limited To): Alabama; Alaska; Arizona; Arkansas; California; Colorado; Connecticut; Delaware; Florida; Georgia; Hawaii; Idaho; Illinois; Indiana; Iowa; Kansas; Kentucky; Louisiana; Maine; Maryland; Massachusetts; Michigan; Minnesota; Mississippi; Missouri; Montana; Nebraska; Nevada; New Hampshire; New Jersey; New Mexico; New York; North Carolina; North Dakota; Ohio; Oklahoma; Oregon; Pennsylvania; Rhode Island; South Carolina; South Dakota; Tennessee; Texas; Utah; Vermont; Virginia; Washington; West Virginia; Wisconsin; Wyoming; Alberta; British Columbia; Manitoba; New Brunswick; Newfoundland and Labrador; Nova Scotia; Ontario; Prince Edward Island; Quebec; Saskatchewan; Mexico

A Note About Territorial Reach: Keep in mind that an insect's reach is not limited by lines drawn on a map and therefore species may appear in areas, regions and/or states beyond those listed above. Insects are driven by environmental factors, food supplies and mating patterns and do not nescessarily work within hard-and-fast territorial lines like we humans do.

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