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Bowl and Doily Weaver Spider (Frontinella communis)


Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Bowl and Doily Weaver Spider.

 Updated: 3/20/2018; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.InsectIdentification.org




The Bowl and Doily Weaver Spider sets an elegant table setting out of its spider silk, though any guest will not be the one dining.



The Bowl and Doily Weaver Spider is a member of the Sheet-Web family. The distinct shape of the web created by this species aids in identifying it. The 'bowl' part of the web sits on top of a flat sheet of lacy web that resembles a doily (an ornate dinner mat). The spider sits beneath the 'bowl', but above the 'doily' while it waits for prey to get entangled. This seems to be an advantageous position because it allows the spider to survey its web while maintaining some protection from its own predators. Once an insect is captured, the spider bites it and injects venom. This immobilizes the victim and the spider pulls it down through the web 'bowl' for consumption. The Bowl and Doily Spider may rebuild highly damaged parts of the 'bowl' in order to aid in ensnaring more prey.

Bowl and Doily Spiders are small and reddish brown. Legs are a light brown, almost yellow, color. The abdomen has white dots along the sides and is covered in short, fine hairs. Male and female spiders may actually share a web for a time. Bowl and Doily Weavers can be found in a variety of climates. Temperate woods offer home sites on tree leaves and low-growing shrubs. They may also be found in alpine forests on evergreens and in more tropical, humid areas, too.




Taxonomic Hierarchy
Kingdom: Animalia
  Phylum: Arthropoda
    Class: Arachnida
      Order: Araneae
        Family: Linyphiidae
          Genus: Frontinella
            Species: communis
Identifying Information
Scientific Name: Frontinella communis
Category: Spider
Size (Adult; Length): 3mm to 8mm (0.12in to 0.31in)
Colorwheel Graphic Colors: brown; ivory; white; black; yellow, red
Descriptors: biting, venomous, spots
Territorial Map
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Territorial Reach (A-to-Z)
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delware
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
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Alberta
British Columbia
Manitoba
New Brunswick
Newfoundland and Labrador
Nova Scotia
Ontario
Prince Edward Island
Quebec
Saskatchewan
Mexican National Flag Graphic
Mexico
Note: An insect's reach is not limited by lines drawn on a map and therefore species may appear in areas, regions and/or states beyond those listed above as they are driven by environmental factors (such as climate change), available food supplies and mating patterns. Grayed-out selections indicate that the subject in question has not been reported in that particular territory. U.S. states and Canadian provinces / territories are clickable to their respective bug listings.




Spider Anatomy
Graphic showing basic parts of spider anatomy
1
Legs: Spiders have four pairs of legs and these are attached to the cephalothorax.
2
Pedipalps: Small appendages near the mouth used as taste and smell organs.
3
Cephalothorax: Contains eyes, head, mouthparts, and legs.
4
Abdomen: Contains various organs related to digestion, reproduction, and web-making.
5
Spinnerets: Used in the production of spider silk for fashioning webs or catching prey.
NOTE: Unlike insects, spiders have both an endoskeleton (internal) and exoskeleton (external).