With so many potentially viable larvae, it does not take long for an infestation if hosts are available and the temperature is comfortable. A Brown Dog Tick infestation can cripple a business and is why tick guards (like collars or edible chews) are standard protocol at shelters and pet hotels. Brown Dog Ticks can transmit some illnesses to dogs that result in fever, lameness, or anemia. Stopping a tick from feeding in the first place is the best way to eliminate issues form them. There are a variety of tick prevention measures that exist to kill a tick before getting a blood meal. Checking dogs after they spend time outside can also help in heading off any problems with ticks. Feeling along the back, ears, neck and legs of the dog for unusual bumps is a good start, but check between the toes, in armpits and in thigh crevices, also. These are warmer areas on the body that tend to attract ticks looking for an bite site.
Brown Dog Ticks have occasionally been found on deer and rodents, but they truly seem to prefer dogs for some unknown reason. They rarely bite humans and are not known to carry Lyme disease or spread any other diseases to humans. Their presence on a dog may cause it discomfort, especially if there are many of them on the dog, and removing ticks can be done by a veterinarian, who can then monitor the dog for any signs of illness. An infestation on a dog may require a stay in the vet clinic or repeated treatments for illness caused by vectors passed into the dog's bloodstream by ticks. An infestation inside a home may require a professional exterminator.
Ticks cannot fly. They do not have wings. They cannot jump either. Their eight appendages can hook and grab objects that brush past them, ferociously clinging to them. Dog hair, clothing, and even bare skin are all surfaces that they can latch on to. They cannot be shaken off; they must be picked off of a surface. If embedded, tweezers are necessary to remove them to ensure the entire head and mouthparts are pulled out of the flesh. They usually roam on the body surface for a suitable bite site and sometimes they fall off the host before finding one. They have months of patience, however, and will wait for a host on blades of grass, plant leaves or other perches.
References: University of Florida, Department of Entomology and Nematology, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, and FDACS by C.C. Lord; Michigan State University Diagnostic Services