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Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (Halyomorpha halys)


Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug.

 Updated: 2/9/2018; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.InsectIdentification.org




When the unwelcome Brown Marmorated Stink Bug infiltrates human-occupied spaces, its size is quickly overshadowed by the smelly impression it leaves behind.



The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug is a pest to a large variety of fruit-bearing trees and plants. Accidentally imported from Asia, the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug made its way to North America's coast and has been establishing populations there and beyond ever since. They are known to damage fruit in only appearance (not its flavor), rendering the fruit less likely to sell at market. The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug uses its proboscis to poke a hole through the skin of a piece of fruit that is still growing on the tree. It sucks out the fruit's juices. The depletion of juice coupled with the piercing of the fruit's skin results in a dimple. This permanent depression continues to deform the fruit as it grows into a picking size. A series of these bites on one apple can cause the fruit to look quite deformed and unappealing at the market. Such devalued fruits can still be processed into pies and other edibles that are not as profitable.

The color of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug keeps them effectively camouflaged among branches and dead leaves. The brown body is covered in small black freckles. Both the nymphs and adults feed off of tree leaves or hanging fruit. The nymph (juvenile) looks nothing like the adult. It is round like a ladybug, and red and black. Three thick black dashes cross its red abdomen.

Members of the Stink Bug family are capable of emitting a foul-smelling odor that the insect produces when threatened, disturbed, or touched. This smelly chemical is produced by specialized stink glands in both the male and female. The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug may find its way into buildings or homes in the winter, seeking warmer temperatures that allow it to hibernate, instead of freeze. It can and does emit this odorous secretion inside, making it a nuisance in the home and in the field.




Taxonomic Hierarchy
Kingdom: Animalia
  Phylum: Arthropoda
    Class: Insecta
      Order: Hemiptera
        Family: Pentatomidae
          Genus: Halyomorpha
            Species: halys
Identifying Information
Scientific Name: Halyomorpha halys
Category: True Bug
Size (Adult; Length): 14mm to 16mm (0.55in to 0.62in)
Colorwheel Graphic Colors: brown; gray; yellow; red; black
Descriptors: speckled, smelly, harmful, pentagon, shield, flying, large
Territorial Map
Alaska  
Hawaii  
Prince Edward Is.  
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Territorial Reach (A-to-Z)
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delware
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Canadian National Flag Graphic
Alberta
British Columbia
Manitoba
New Brunswick
Newfoundland and Labrador
Nova Scotia
Ontario
Prince Edward Island
Quebec
Saskatchewan
Mexican National Flag Graphic
Mexico
Note: An insect's reach is not limited by lines drawn on a map and therefore species may appear in areas, regions and/or states beyond those listed above as they are driven by environmental factors (such as climate change), available food supplies and mating patterns. Grayed-out selections indicate that the subject in question has not been reported in that particular territory. U.S. states and Canadian provinces / territories are clickable to their respective bug listings.