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Common Buckeye Butterfly (Junonia coenia)


Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Common Buckeye Butterfly.


 Updated: 2/17/2018; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.InsectIdentification.org



  Common Buckeye Butterfly  
Picture of Common-Buckeye-Butterfly
Picture of Common-Buckeye-Butterfly Picture of Common-Buckeye-ButterflyPicture of Common-Buckeye-ButterflyPicture of Common-Buckeye-ButterflyPicture of Common-Buckeye-ButterflyPicture of Common-Buckeye-Butterfly


The Common Buckeye Butterfly has numerous bold eyespots on its forewing that resembles a 'buck's eye'.





The Common Buckeye is a member of the diverse Brush-footed Butterfly family. This means it is related to the Monarch, Viceroy, Malachite, and the Fritillary subfamily. The front pair of legs of these butterflies are very short and almost so difficult to see that many people only count 4 legs at first glance. In addition to their diminutive length, the front pair of legs are also covered in short bristles, or hairs, like a hair brush. Common Buckeyes are mostly brown and have one small and one large black-and-blue eyespot on every wing. These eyespots are ringed in orange and black. Two prominent orange bands on each forewing are near the head with a thick ivory band that encompasses the larger eyespot. Orange and light brown form a border at the bottom edges of the wings. The underside of the forewings are less ornate, retaining two medium-sized eyespots on a brown wing. Each antennae has a small knob at the tip.

Though seen occasionally as far north as Canada and the northern U.S. states, the Common Buckeye does not breed there. They prefer warmer states and can breed up to 4 times a year in warmer climates. They usually reside in open land. Males are very territorial and will fly out at anything that passes too closely. The caterpillar is a black color with white and orange lines and stripes. It also has black bristles sticking out on the dorsal (back) side at each pair of legs. These caterpillars love to feed on plants from the plantain, verbena, figwort, snapdragon, monkey flower, and stonecrop families.
Basic Information
Common Name: Common Buckeye Butterfly
Scientific Name: Junonia coenia
Category: Butterfly or Moth


General Identification
Size (Adult; Length): 51mm to 63mm (1.99in to 2.46in)
Colorwheel Graphic
Identifying Colors: brown, orange, white, black, yellow, blue, tan
Additional Descriptors: 4 legs, hairy, eyespot




Taxonomic Hierarchy
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Junonia
Species: coenia


Butterfly and Moth Anatomy
Graphic showing basic anatomy of a common North American butterfly and moth insect
1
Antennae: Butterflies and Moths have a pair of antennae on the head used as sensors.
2
Head: The head is home to the insect's eyes, antennae, and proboscis.
3
Thorax: Home to the three pairs of legs as well as vital internal organs.
4
Abdomen: Contains vital internal organs such as the heart(s) and reproduction facilities.
5
Forewing: The upper, forward wing pair used for flying.
6
Hindwing: The lower, rearward wing pair used for flying.
NOTE: Butterflies and Moths are part of the Lepidopteran order as they share many similarities.


Territorial Reach (A-to-Z)
Note: An insect's reach is not limited by lines drawn on a map and therefore species may appear in areas, regions and/or states beyond those listed below as they are driven by environmental factors (such as climate change), available food supplies and mating patterns. Grayed-out selections below indicate that the subject in question has not been reported in that particular territory. U.S. states and Canadian provinces / territories are clickable to their respective bug listings.
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delware
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Canadian National Flag Graphic
Alberta
British Columbia
Manitoba
New Brunswick
Newfoundland and Labrador
Nova Scotia
Ontario
Prince Edward Island
Quebec
Saskatchewan
Mexican National Flag Graphic
Mexico


Territorial Area Map (Visual Reference Guide)
The map below showcases (in red) the states and territories of North America where the Common Buckeye Butterfly may be found (but is not limited to). This sort of data can be useful in seeing concentrations of a particular species over the continent as well as revealing possible migratory patterns over a species' given lifespan. Some species are naturally confined by environment, weather, mating habits, food resources and the like while others see widespread expansion across most, or all, of North America.
Alaska  
Hawaii  
Prince Edward Is.  
State of Alabama graphic
State of Arizona graphic
State of Arkansas graphic
State of California graphic
State of Colorado graphic
State of Delware graphic
State of Florida graphic
State of Georgia graphic
State of Idaho graphic
State of Illinois graphic
State of Indiana graphic
State of Iowa graphic
State of Kansas graphic
State of Kentucky graphic
State of Louisiana graphic
State of Maine graphic
State of Maryland graphic
State of Michigan graphic
State of Minnesota graphic
State of Mississippi graphic
State of Missouri graphic
State of Montana graphic
State of Nebraska graphic
State of Nevada graphic
State of New England graphic
State of New Jersey graphic
State of New Mexico graphic
State of New York graphic
State of North Carolina graphic
State of North Dakota graphic
State of Ohio graphic
State of Oklahoma graphic
State of Oregon graphic
State of Pennsylvania graphic
State of South Carolina graphic
State of South Dakota graphic
State of Tennessee graphic
State of Texas graphic
State of Utah graphic
State of Virginia graphic
State of Washington graphic
State of West Virginia graphic
State of Wisconsin graphic
State of Wyoming graphic
Canadian territory of Alberta graphic
Canadian territory of British Columbia graphic
Canadian territory of Manitoba graphic
Canadian territory of New Brunswick graphic
Canadian territory of Newfoundland and Labrador graphic
Canadian territory of Ontario graphic
Canadian territory of Quebec graphic
Canadian territory of Saskatchewan graphic
Territory map graphic of the country of Mexico
Contiguous United States shape map layer graphic


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