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  • Common Buckeye Butterfly - (Junonia coenia)

    Common Buckeye Butterfly - (Junonia coenia)

    The Common Buckeye Butterfly has numerous bold eyespots on its forewing that resembles a 'buck's eye'.

    Staff Writer (10/23/2017): The Common Buckeye is a member of the diverse Brush-footed Butterfly family. This means it is related to the Monarch, Viceroy, Malachite, the Fritillary subfamily, Painted Lady and Common Buckeye butterflies. The front pair of legs of these butterflies are very short and almost so difficult to see that many people only count 4 legs at first glance. In addition to their diminutive length, the front pair of legs are also covered in short bristles, or hairs, like a hair brush.

    Though seen occasionally as far north as Canada and the northern U.S. states, it does not breed there. They prefer warmer states and can breed up to 4 times a year in warmer climates.

    They have distinctive, multicolored eyespots on its open forewings and hindwings. They usually reside in open land. Males are very territorial and will fly out at anything that passes too closely.

    The caterpillar is a black color with with white and orange lines and stripes. It also has black bristles sticking out on the dorsal side (back) at every pair of legs. These caterpillars love to feed on plants from the plantain, verbena, figwort, snapdragon, monkey flower and stonecrop families.

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    Details of the:
    Common Buckeye Butterfly

    Category: Butterfly or Moth
    Common name: Common Buckeye Butterfly
    Scientific Name: Junonia coenia

      Kingdom: Animalia
       Phylum: Arthropoda
        Class: Insecta
         Order: Lepidoptera
          Family: Nymphalidae
           Genus: Junonia
            Species: coenia

    Size (Adult, Length): 51mm to 63mm (2.01in to 2.48in)

    Identifying Colors: brown, orange, white, black, yellow, blue, tan

    Additional Descriptors: 4 legs, hairy, eyespot

    North American Reach (Though Not Limited To*): Alabama; Alaska; Arizona; Arkansas; California; Colorado; Connecticut; Delaware; Florida; Georgia; Hawaii; Idaho; Illinois; Indiana; Iowa; Kansas; Kentucky; Louisiana; Maryland; Massachusetts; Michigan; Mississippi; Missouri; Nebraska; Nevada; New Jersey; New Mexico; New York; North Carolina; Ohio; Oklahoma; Oregon; Pennsylvania; Rhode Island; South Carolina; Tennessee; Texas; Utah; Virginia; West Virginia; Wisconsin; Alberta; British Columbia; Manitoba; New Brunswick; Newfoundland and Labrador; Nova Scotia; Ontario; Prince Edward Island; Quebec; Saskatchewan; Mexico

    * Keep in mind that an insect's reach is not limited by lines on a map and therefore may appear in areas/regions/states beyond those listed above.

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