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  • Eastern Tiger Swallowtail - (Papilio glaucus)

    Eastern Tiger Swallowtail - (Papilio glaucus)

    The very popular Eastern Tiger Swallowtail is a big beauty that enjoys a variety of habitats, making it easy to observe.

    Staff Writer (6/30/2017): Eastern Tiger Swallowtails have a bright tiger-like striping pattern on their wings. Males have a mostly-yellow coloring with black edges while females have waves of blue and orange at the edges of their wings. Young females hardly resemble their more mature selves. They are almost black with blue along the edges of the wings. This darker coloring is more common in Southern U.S. whereas the classic yellow coloring is predominant elsewhere.

    The Eastern Tiger Swallowtail has a long extension resembling a tail at the end of each wing. As a member of the Swallowtail family, it joins its relatives in being the largest butterflies on the continent. They are extremely easy to attract to gardens that have an abundance of flowers. They can also be seen flying on open roads, in woods, meadows, fields and parks.

    The Eastern Tiger Swallowtail caterpillar is a smooth bright green color with a yellow band near the front of its body, just after a pair of painted "eyes" on the head. The head is rounded and large for a caterpillar and looks somewhat like a helmet. These caterpillar feed on a variety of trees including tuliptree, sweetbay, cottonwood and cherry.

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    Details of the:
    Eastern Tiger Swallowtail

    Category: Butterfly or Moth
    Common name: Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
    Scientific Name: Papilio glaucus
    Other Names: Tiger Swallowtail

      Kingdom: Animalia
       Phylum: Arthropoda
        Class: Insecta
         Order: Lepidoptera
          Family: Papilionidae
           Genus: Papilio
            Species: glaucus

    Size (Adult, Length): 79mm to 140mm (3.11in to 5.51in)

    Identifying Colors: black; yellow; brown; orange; blue

    Additional Descriptors: stripes, large, flying, helpful

    North American Reach (Though Not Limited To*): Alabama; Arkansas; Colorado; Connecticut; Delaware; Florida; Georgia; Illinois; Indiana; Iowa; Kansas; Kentucky; Louisiana; Maine; Maryland; Massachusetts; Michigan; Minnesota; Mississippi; Missouri; Nebraska; Nevada; New Hampshire; New Jersey; New York; North Carolina; North Dakota; Ohio; Oklahoma; Pennsylvania; Rhode Island; South Carolina; South Dakota; Tennessee; Texas;Vermont; Virginia; West Virginia; Wisconsin; Wyoming; Mexico

    * Keep in mind that an insect's reach is not limited by lines on a map and therefore may appear in areas/regions/states beyond those listed above.

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