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Field Cricket (Gryllus pennsylvanicus)

Detailing the identifying qualities of the Field Cricket, including physical features and territorial reach.

 Updated: 1/13/2014; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©

  Field Cricket  
Picture of Field-Cricket

The famous chirping of the Field Cricket evokes memories of warm summer nights to those who took the time to listen.

Field Crickets are a common site throughout the United States, Mexico and Canada. Warm summer nights bring them out en masse as the males chirp about (up to 30 times a minute) in an effort to attract a female. The noise is a pleasant reminder of the season and will immediately stop if the crickets are approached too closely.

Field Crickets make them homes in the ground, tall grass, or built-up piles of natural lawn debris. They jump away from perceived danger, but sometimes that means right into your legs if you're walking through their habitat. They may startle and tickle, but they are completely harmless.

Field Crickets at a diet of animal remains and plant matter. They provide beneficial services to the ecosystem by eating the eggs and pupae of insect that are considered pests. On the other hand, in large numbers, they can be somewhat of a nuisance in gardens.

Field Crickets are often the species that is purchased at stores and used to feed 'pet' spiders and other insectivores. Anglers may also use them as bait when fishing.

Field Cricket Information

Category: Grasshopper or Cricket
Common Name: Field Cricket
Scientific Name: Gryllus pennsylvanicus
Other Name(s): Fall Field Cricket

Taxonomy Hierarchy

 Arrow graphic Kingdom: Animalia
  Arrow graphic Phylum: Arthropoda
   Arrow graphic Class: Insecta
    Arrow graphic Order: Orthoptera
     Arrow graphic Family: Gryllidae
      Arrow graphic Genus: Gryllus
       Arrow graphic Species: pennsylvanicus

Size, Identifying Tags and Territorial Reach

Size (Adult, Length): Size (Adult, Length): 15 mm to 25 mm (0.585 inches to 0.975 inches)
Identifying Colors: black; red; brown
Additional Descriptors: chirp, jump

North American Territorial Reach (Though Not Limited To): Alabama; Alaska; Arizona; Arkansas; California; Colorado; Connecticut; Delaware; Florida; Georgia; Hawaii; Idaho; Illinois; Indiana; Iowa; Kansas; Kentucky; Louisiana; Maine; Maryland; Massachusetts; Michigan; Minnesota; Mississippi; Missouri; Montana; Nebraska; Nevada; New Hampshire; New Jersey; New Mexico; New York; North Carolina; North Dakota; Ohio; Oklahoma; Oregon; Pennsylvania; Rhode Island; South Carolina; South Dakota; Tennessee; Texas; Utah; Vermont; Virginia; Washington; West Virginia; Wisconsin; Wyoming; Alberta; British Columbia; Manitoba; New Brunswick; Newfoundland and Labrador; Nova Scotia; Ontario; Prince Edward Island; Quebec; Saskatchewan; Mexico

A Note About Territorial Reach: Keep in mind that an insect's reach is not limited by lines drawn on a map and therefore species may appear in areas, regions and/or states beyond those listed above. Insects are driven by environmental factors, food supplies and mating patterns and do not nescessarily work within hard-and-fast territorial lines like we humans do.

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