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Five-Spotted Hawk Moth (Manduca quinquemaculatus)


Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Five-Spotted Hawk Moth.


 Updated: 4/6/2018; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.InsectIdentification.org



  Five-Spotted Hawk Moth  
Picture of Five-Spotted-Hawk-Moth
Picture of Five-Spotted-Hawk-Moth


The Five-Spotted Hawk Moth is a large, strong flier that has a reputation for laying waste to fields and gardens trying to grow popular vegetables.





When wings are flat and the abdomen is revealed, two vivid blue eyespots are visible on the thorax of the black, white and gray Five-Spotted Hawk Moth. The five yellow-orange spots that dot the abdomen on each side (10 spots total) are large enough to see and easily count. Sometimes, a sixth spot is present which can confuse those trying to identify them. This large moth drinks nectar from flowers like petunias, honeysuckle and phlox. The adults fly at sundown and are seemingly harmless. Their larvae are another story.

The caterpillar (larva) of the Five-Spotted Hawk Moth is a nuisance to agriculture. It is called the Tomato Hornworm. Don't be fooled by the name; this caterpillar eats more than tomato leaves. They have voracious appetites and also eat the leaves of potato, tobacco, and other plants in the Solanaceae family. The green fleshy body almost fluoresces and it has a single black needle-like spine (also called a horn) at its rear. Eight V-shaped marks line both sides of the body. This is different from the caterpillar of the Tobacco Hornworm Moth which has 7 angled slashes on its body. The Five-Spotted Hawk Moth caterpillar -Tomato Hornworm- is well camouflaged among the bright green leaves of tomato plants. Removing a large percentage of the plant's foliage in just a day or two allows the Tomato Hornworm to plump up rapidly. It also weakens plant production and health. Tomato Hornworms pupate and overwinter, emerging in the spring as winged adults. Removing the caterpillars by hand or with insecticides, or preventing adults from laying eggs on the host plant by using row covers can help limit harvest loss each growing season.
Basic Information
Common Name: Five-Spotted Hawk Moth
Other Name(s): Tomato Hornworm
Scientific Name: Manduca quinquemaculatus
Category: Butterfly or Moth


General Identification
Size (Adult; Length): 50mm to 70mm (1.95in to 2.73in)
Colorwheel Graphic
Identifying Colors: brown, white, orange, black, yellow, blue
Additional Descriptors: flying, spot, harmful, pest




Taxonomic Hierarchy
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Sphingidae
Genus: Manduca
Species: quinquemaculatus


Butterfly and Moth Anatomy
Graphic showing basic anatomy of a common North American butterfly and moth insect
1
Antennae: Butterflies and Moths have a pair of antennae on the head used as sensors.
2
Head: The head is home to the insect's eyes, antennae, and proboscis.
3
Thorax: Home to the three pairs of legs as well as vital internal organs.
4
Abdomen: Contains vital internal organs such as the heart(s) and reproduction facilities.
5
Forewing: The upper, forward wing pair used for flying.
6
Hindwing: The lower, rearward wing pair used for flying.
NOTE: Butterflies and Moths are part of the Lepidopteran order as they share many similarities.


Territorial Reach (A-to-Z)
Note: An insect's reach is not limited by lines drawn on a map and therefore species may appear in areas, regions and/or states beyond those listed below as they are driven by environmental factors (such as climate change), available food supplies and mating patterns. Grayed-out selections below indicate that the subject in question has not been reported in that particular territory. U.S. states and Canadian provinces / territories are clickable to their respective bug listings.
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delware
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Canadian National Flag Graphic
Alberta
British Columbia
Manitoba
New Brunswick
Newfoundland and Labrador
Nova Scotia
Ontario
Prince Edward Island
Quebec
Saskatchewan
Mexican National Flag Graphic
Mexico


Territorial Area Map (Visual Reference Guide)
The map below showcases (in red) the states and territories of North America where the Five-Spotted Hawk Moth may be found (but is not limited to). This sort of data can be useful in seeing concentrations of a particular species over the continent as well as revealing possible migratory patterns over a species' given lifespan. Some species are naturally confined by environment, weather, mating habits, food resources and the like while others see widespread expansion across most, or all, of North America.
Alaska  
Hawaii  
Prince Edward Is.  
State of Alabama graphic
State of Arizona graphic
State of Arkansas graphic
State of California graphic
State of Colorado graphic
State of Delware graphic
State of Florida graphic
State of Georgia graphic
State of Idaho graphic
State of Illinois graphic
State of Indiana graphic
State of Iowa graphic
State of Kansas graphic
State of Kentucky graphic
State of Louisiana graphic
State of Maine graphic
State of Maryland graphic
State of Michigan graphic
State of Minnesota graphic
State of Mississippi graphic
State of Missouri graphic
State of Montana graphic
State of Nebraska graphic
State of Nevada graphic
State of New England graphic
State of New Jersey graphic
State of New Mexico graphic
State of New York graphic
State of North Carolina graphic
State of North Dakota graphic
State of Ohio graphic
State of Oklahoma graphic
State of Oregon graphic
State of Pennsylvania graphic
State of South Carolina graphic
State of South Dakota graphic
State of Tennessee graphic
State of Texas graphic
State of Utah graphic
State of Virginia graphic
State of Washington graphic
State of West Virginia graphic
State of Wisconsin graphic
State of Wyoming graphic
Canadian territory of Alberta graphic
Canadian territory of British Columbia graphic
Canadian territory of Manitoba graphic
Canadian territory of New Brunswick graphic
Canadian territory of Newfoundland and Labrador graphic
Canadian territory of Ontario graphic
Canadian territory of Quebec graphic
Canadian territory of Saskatchewan graphic
Territory map graphic of the country of Mexico
Contiguous United States shape map layer graphic


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