Insect Identification logo

Jerusalem Cricket (Stenopelmatus fuscus)


Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Jerusalem Cricket.


 Updated: 10/9/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.InsectIdentification.org



  Jerusalem Cricket  
Picture of Jerusalem-Cricket


The Jerusalem cricket is a North American camel cricket that leaves an impression on observers as well as a depression in the soil.





This slow-moving, humpbacked insect is often taken for a spider until one counts the number of legs. They are very slow in spring during their mating season.

They are members of the Camel Cricket family, though they are not technically a cricket. The humpback is striped and the large head is round and dense. They do not have wings. Their hind legs have 2 rows of spines and seem short for a cricket. They are not aggressive, but can bite, painfully, if mistreated or mishandled.

They are found under rocks or on gravel in valleys or on hillsides, preferring drier climes and loose soil. The tracks they leave behind are unique, created by dragging their large abdomens across the fine particles of soil. They can make a scratching noise. Many new species have been found in California, but their range travels as far east as Nebraska.

Females often eat their mates. They lay their eggs in soil after making a shallow hole. Nymphs (juveniles) are equally slow-moving.

Adults and nymphs eat plant roots, other insects, decaying plant matter and potatoes. Sources say it is nocturnal.
Basic Information
Common Name: Jerusalem Cricket
Other Name(s): Potato Bug, Chaco
Scientific Name: Stenopelmatus fuscus
Category: Grasshopper or Cricket


General Identification
Size (Adult; Length): 30mm to 50mm (1.17in to 1.95in)
Colorwheel Graphic
Identifying Colors: black; brown; amber; white; yellow. red
Additional Descriptors: stripes, thick, round, hump, bump, back




Taxonomic Hierarchy
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Orthoptera
Family: Stenopelmatidae
Genus: Stenopelmatus
Species: fuscus




Territorial Reach (A-to-Z)
Note: An insect's reach is not limited by lines drawn on a map and therefore species may appear in areas, regions and/or states beyond those listed below as they are driven by environmental factors (such as climate change), available food supplies and mating patterns. Grayed-out selections below indicate that the subject in question has not been reported in that particular territory. U.S. states and Canadian provinces / territories are clickable to their respective bug listings.
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delware
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Canadian National Flag Graphic
Alberta
British Columbia
Manitoba
New Brunswick
Newfoundland and Labrador
Nova Scotia
Ontario
Prince Edward Island
Quebec
Saskatchewan
Mexican National Flag Graphic
Mexico


Territorial Area Map (Visual Reference Guide)
The map below showcases (in red) the states and territories of North America where the Jerusalem Cricket may be found (but is not limited to). This sort of data can be useful in seeing concentrations of a particular species over the continent as well as revealing possible migratory patterns over a species' given lifespan. Some species are naturally confined by environment, weather, mating habits, food resources and the like while others see widespread expansion across most, or all, of North America.
Alaska  
Hawaii  
Prince Edward Is.  
State of Alabama graphic
State of Arizona graphic
State of Arkansas graphic
State of California graphic
State of Colorado graphic
State of Delware graphic
State of Florida graphic
State of Georgia graphic
State of Idaho graphic
State of Illinois graphic
State of Indiana graphic
State of Iowa graphic
State of Kansas graphic
State of Kentucky graphic
State of Louisiana graphic
State of Maine graphic
State of Maryland graphic
State of Michigan graphic
State of Minnesota graphic
State of Mississippi graphic
State of Missouri graphic
State of Montana graphic
State of Nebraska graphic
State of Nevada graphic
State of New England graphic
State of New Jersey graphic
State of New Mexico graphic
State of New York graphic
State of North Carolina graphic
State of North Dakota graphic
State of Ohio graphic
State of Oklahoma graphic
State of Oregon graphic
State of Pennsylvania graphic
State of South Carolina graphic
State of South Dakota graphic
State of Tennessee graphic
State of Texas graphic
State of Utah graphic
State of Virginia graphic
State of Washington graphic
State of West Virginia graphic
State of Wisconsin graphic
State of Wyoming graphic
Canadian territory of Alberta graphic
Canadian territory of British Columbia graphic
Canadian territory of Manitoba graphic
Canadian territory of New Brunswick graphic
Canadian territory of Newfoundland and Labrador graphic
Canadian territory of Ontario graphic
Canadian territory of Quebec graphic
Canadian territory of Saskatchewan graphic
Territory map graphic of the country of Mexico
Contiguous United States shape map layer graphic


Images Gallery for the Jerusalem Cricket
VIEW GALLERY
VIEW GALLERY


BugFinder: What is It?
BUGFINDER SEARCH TOOL
BUGFINDER SEARCH TOOL