Insect Identification logo

Johnson Jumping Spider (Phidippus johnsoni)

Detailing the identifying qualities of the Johnson Jumping Spider, including physical features and territorial reach.

 Updated: 2/17/2015; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©

  Johnson Jumping Spider  
Picture of Johnson-Jumping-Spider

The petite Johnson Jumping Spider can launch itself distances over 5 times the length of its own body.

The Johnson Jumping Spider does not build webs to catch its food. It seeks it out, wandering around until it happens upon a good prey item. These tiny spiders jump large distances (considering their size) to catch their prey. Olympic long jumpers have nothing on these little powerhouses. They are day-time hunters and hide out at night and in the winter.

They have been known to bite humans, but without serious effects. Females weave funnel-shaped webs to lay eggs in under rocks or between objects. Males have an abdomen that is completely red, whereas the female will have a black line down the center of her abdomen.

Johnson Jumping Spider Information

Category: Spider
Common Name: Johnson Jumping Spider
Scientific Name: Phidippus johnsoni
Other Name(s): Red Jumping Spider

Taxonomy Hierarchy

 Arrow graphic Kingdom: Animalia
  Arrow graphic Phylum: Arthropoda
   Arrow graphic Class: Arachnida
    Arrow graphic Order: Araneae
     Arrow graphic Family: Salticidae
      Arrow graphic Genus: Phidippus
       Arrow graphic Species: johnsoni

Size, Identifying Tags and Territorial Reach

Size (Adult, Length): Size (Adult, Length): 7 mm to 13 mm (0.273 inches to 0.507 inches)
Identifying Colors: black; red; white
Additional Descriptors: jumping, biting, hairy

North American Territorial Reach (Though Not Limited To): Arizona; California; Colorado; Idaho; Kansas; Montana; Nebraska; Nevada; New Mexico; North Dakota; Oklahoma; Oregon; South Dakota; Texas; Utah; Washington; Wyoming; Mexico

A Note About Territorial Reach: Keep in mind that an insect's reach is not limited by lines drawn on a map and therefore species may appear in areas, regions and/or states beyond those listed above. Insects are driven by environmental factors, food supplies and mating patterns and do not nescessarily work within hard-and-fast territorial lines like we humans do.

BugFinder: What is it?