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  • Long-bodied Cellar Spider - (Pholcus phalangioides)

    Long-bodied Cellar Spider - (Pholcus phalangioides)

    The Long-Bodied Cellar Spider should invoke fear within smaller insect prey, but not with humans.

    Staff Writer (1/23/2014): The shape of the abdomen aided in an alternate name for the Long-Bodied Cellar Spider. Although the name Daddy-Long-Legs is as an additional alternate name for this spider, Daddy-Long-Legs is also used to refer to Harvestman, which are not spiders at all though still a part of the arachnid class.

    It can be seen bouncing on its own web to make itself harder to see (blurs itself to the observer) as a means of disorienting a predator or threat. They hang up-side-down, waiting for insects to wander into their web.

    The Long-Bodied Cellar Spider has very small chelicerae (mouthparts). While they are venomous (like 99% of all North American spiders), they are unable to get a grip onto human skin in order to bite it. Their mouths are simply too tiny.

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    Details of the:
    Long-bodied Cellar Spider

    Category: Spider
    Common name: Long-bodied Cellar Spider
    Scientific Name: Pholcus phalangioides
    Other Names: Skull Spider, Daddy-Long-Legs

      Kingdom: Animalia
       Phylum: Arthropoda
        Class: Arachnida
         Order: Araneae
          Family: Pholcidae
           Genus: Pholcus
            Species: phalangioides

    Size (Adult, Length): 6mm to 10mm (0.24in to 0.39in)

    Identifying Colors: brown

    Additional Descriptors: biting, venomous, long, skinny

    North American Reach (Though Not Limited To*): Alabama; Alaska; Arizona; Arkansas; California; Colorado; Connecticut; Delaware; Florida; Georgia; Hawaii; Idaho; Illinois; Indiana; Iowa; Kansas; Kentucky; Louisiana; Maine; Maryland; Massachusetts; Michigan; Minnesota; Mississippi; Missouri; Montana; Nebraska; Nevada; New Hampshire; New Jersey; New Mexico; New York; North Carolina; North Dakota; Ohio; Oklahoma; Oregon; Pennsylvania; Rhode Island; South Carolina; South Dakota; Tennessee; Texas; Utah; Vermont; Virginia; Washington; West Virginia; Wisconsin; Wyoming; Alberta; British Columbia; Manitoba; New Brunswick; Newfoundland and Labrador; Nova Scotia; Ontario; Prince Edward Island; Quebec; Saskatchewan; Mexico

    * Keep in mind that an insect's reach is not limited by lines on a map and therefore may appear in areas/regions/states beyond those listed above.

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