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Image Credit: Jure K. from Fremont, CA
Despite the striking similarity, Midges in the Chironomidae family do not bite like the pesky mosquitoes they so closely resemble.
Midges are often mistaken for mosquitoes thanks to similar size and body shape. Because they do not take blood meals, they are also known as Blind Mosquitoes. Male Midges tend to have feathery antennae, something not seen on mosquitoes. Also, midges rest with their two front legs hovering above the surface, whereas mosquitoes lift their hind legs.
Midges can be found along the coast, shorelines, and banks of any body of water. Lakes and ponds often see huge congregations of them. Thanks to poor flying ability, they are at the mercy of wind currents and can be blown into backyards. For this reason, they may be considered a nuisance to homeowners. They like to take shelter under soffits, eaves, and covered patios. They also seem to be attracted to artificial lights at night and many homes are also lit in those places which can be a nuisance. Large groups may congregate; this in turn may attract Midges predators like spiders to those areas. Adult Midges have very short life spans (only a few days) so their presence is not permanent.
Eggs are laid in shallow waters. Worm-like larvae hatch and serve two good roles in the ecosystem: as a cleaner (consumer) of decaying organic matter in the water, and as a food source to other aquatic insects and fish. Adults do not feed and spend their short lives focused on reproduction.
Scientific Name: Chironomus spp.
Other Name(s): Blind Mosquitoes, Fuzzy Bills
Fly or Mosquito
Colors: yellow, brown, black, white, gray
Descriptors: mosquito, feathery, long, slow, small
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