The Northern Black Widow shares a lot in common with its southern cousin, including an increasingly painful bite and an urgent visit to the doctor.
The glossy, black abdomen of the Northern Black Widow is dotted with large red circles on the dorsal (back) side and a split, or broken, hourglass on the ventral (belly) side. That separation of the top and bottom the the hourglass is different from the solid, one-piece hourglass seen on the more widely recognized Southern Black Widow. Only females are harmful; males are slightly different in pattern and are considered harmless. The venom of both species' females is toxic, but the Northen Black Widow's is less so.
Mortality from a bite by a Northern Black Widow is about 1% of all victims, with most of those fatalities being small children. Any bite from a Northern Black Widow merits a visit to a physician as it is difficult to gauge how toxic the spider's venom is at the time of the bite and how the individual will respond to it. (i.e. A spider that recently emptied venom into an insect will have less venom in a bite soon after that.) All bite victims experience pain immediately and it increases in intensity for hours afterward. It usually subsides in a day. Other symptoms include sweating, fever, nausea, rapid heart rate and weakness. A physician can help ease the immediate discomfort a victim feels and monitor the patient for other symptoms.
This species of spider forms tangled, messy webs in woodlands, stone and wood piles and undisturbed corners of sheds, garages and other shelters outside. They are not aggressive and do not actively seek to bite people. They are shy and more apt to try and hide. If startled or threatened, which can happen when a person suddenly turns over the log or stone they are on, they bite in defense. Sightings of this species is somewhat rare as they are active at night and less likely to be seen. If spotted, treat them as a dangerous spider and keep your distance.
Scientific Name: Lactrodectus variolus
Size (Adult; Length): 4mm to 11mm (0.16in to 0.43in)
Note: An insect's reach is not limited by lines drawn on a map and therefore species may appear in areas, regions and/or states beyond those listed above as they are driven by environmental factors (such as climate change), available food supplies and mating patterns. Grayed-out selections indicate that the subject in question has not been reported in that particular territory. U.S. states and Canadian provinces / territories are clickable to their respective bug listings.
Legs: Spiders have four pairs of legs and these are attached to the cephalothorax.
Pedipalps: Small appendages near the mouth used as taste and smell organs.
Cephalothorax: Contains eyes, head, mouthparts, and legs.
Abdomen: Contains various organs related to digestion, reproduction, and web-making.
Spinnerets: Used in the production of spider silk for fashioning webs or catching prey.
NOTE: Unlike insects, spiders have both an endoskeleton (internal) and exoskeleton (external).