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Northern Scorpion (Paruroctonus boreus)


Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Northern Scorpion.




A cold-tolerant scorpion, the Northern Scorpion can be found at high elevations in warm states like Arizona, and in the valleys of mountainous provinces.



 Updated: 3/19/2020; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.InsectIdentification.org




The Northern Scorpion is native to states and provinces that many would find uninhabitable for a scorpion. This hardy arachnid can withstand colder temperatures that its desert kin would find deadly. The dark stripes on the body may appear brown or even black depending on what region it is in. Like all arachnids, it has eight legs; pincer-like pedipalps do not count as part of the eight. Like all scorpions, it has a venom-packed stinger on its tail, and it uses its pedipalps to hold down insect prey while stinging it. Strong chelicerae then chew and consume the insect.

Look for the Northern Scorpion roaming the ground, hunting for its next meal. It is usually the only type of scorpion in its area, and lives in a wide range of habitats and at various elevations, finding that 'sweet spot' that is not cold enough to kill it, and not warm enough to allow other species to move in.


General Characteristics
Capability, Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers
Insect stinger icon
Striped or banded insect icon


Taxonomic Hierarchy
Species Breakdown
Kingdom: Animalia
  Phylum: Arthropoda
    Class: Arachnida
      Order: Scorpiones
        Family: Vaejovidae [ View More ]
          Genus: Paruroctonus [ View More ]
            Species: boreus
Identifying Information
Size, Colors, Descriptors
Scientific Name: Paruroctonus boreus
Category: Scorpion
Size (Adult; Length): 35mm to 55mm (1.37in to 2.15in)
Colorwheel Graphic Colors: brown; black; yellow; ivory
Descriptors: stinging; tail; armor; brown yellow stripes; claws; pincers
Relative Size Comparison
Lo: 35mm | Hi: 55mm
Territorial Reach (A-to-Z)
U.S., Canada, and Mexico
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Canadian National Flag Graphic
Alberta
British Columbia
Manitoba
New Brunswick
Newfoundland and Labrador
Nova Scotia
Ontario
Prince Edward Island
Quebec
Saskatchewan
Mexican National Flag Graphic
Mexico
Note: An insect's reach is not limited by lines drawn on a map and therefore species may appear in areas, regions and/or states beyond those listed above as they are driven by environmental factors (such as climate change), available food supplies and mating patterns.
Territorial Map
U.S., Canada, and Mexico
Alaska  
Hawaii  
Prince Edward Is.  
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Canadian territory of Alberta graphic
Canadian territory of British Columbia graphic
Canadian territory of Manitoba graphic
Canadian territory of New Brunswick graphic
Canadian territory of Newfoundland and Labrador graphic
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Canadian territory of Quebec graphic
Canadian territory of Saskatchewan graphic
Territory map graphic of the country of Mexico
Contiguous United States shape map layer graphic