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  • Ox Beetle - (Strategus anteus)

    Ox Beetle - (Strategus anteus)

    The hefty Ox Beetle makes a grand first impression, though their larvae are quite ordinary.

    Staff Writer (1/7/2016): The male Ox beetle has horns growing off of the pronotum ('shoulder plate'). In young males, they are more like bumps. Females do not have either. Males use these horns to fight over females.

    Ox Beetles are dense-looking beetles and are quite hairy on their ventral side ('belly'). They are nocturnal, and therefore usually seen at night. Their habitat is pine forests and they can be found in most of the gulf and Atlantic coastal states. Adults eat decaying tree roots.

    Nocturnal larvae are C-shaped grubs that hatch from a burrow in the ground. Females lay eggs there and bring leaf litter into the burrow so the newly hatched larvae have a food supply. As they mature, they begin to eat decaying tree roots like adults.

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    Details of the:
    Ox Beetle

    Category: Beetle
    Common name: Ox Beetle
    Scientific Name: Strategus anteus

      Kingdom: Animalia
       Phylum: Arthropoda
        Class: Insecta
         Order: Coleoptera
          Family: Scarabaeidae
           Genus: Strategus
            Species: anteus

    Size (Adult, Length): 31mm to 60mm (1.22in to 2.36in)

    Identifying Colors: black; brown

    Additional Descriptors: hairy, horn, rhino, bump, flying

    North American Reach (Though Not Limited To*): Florida; Georgia; South Carolina; North Carolina; Alabama; Mississippi; Texas

    * Keep in mind that an insect's reach is not limited by lines on a map and therefore may appear in areas/regions/states beyond those listed above.

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