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  • Parson Spider - (Herpyllus ecclesiasticus)

    Parson Spider - (Herpyllus ecclesiasticus)

    A houseguest like the black and white Parson Spider is a blessing to some and a bother to others.

    Staff Writer (8/15/2017): The white stripe on the abdomen of the black Parson Spider is said to resemble the cravat, or ruffled neck tie, commonly used by men of the clergy in the 18th century. It is a medium-sized, hairy spider and wickedly fast. This species of spider does not spin a web to catch prey. It is part of the Ground Spider family. It roams the ground and walls, usually at night, searching for insects to eat. They are ambush predators, running up to and quickly biting insects they they come across. During the day, they take cover under rocks, boards, and other debris. They are typically a woodland spider, but sometimes venture indoors and are commonly seen in homes and buildings.

    While the Parson Spider's venom is not lethal, this particular species has a bite has been known to have caused an allergic reaction in some people. It is likely to bite when trapped between clothing and skin, or between bedding and skin. Most people consider it a nuisance, though it does consume many of the common household pests that can populate a home.

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    Details of the:
    Parson Spider

    Category: Spider
    Common name: Parson Spider
    Scientific Name: Herpyllus ecclesiasticus
    Other Names: Eastern Parson Spider

      Kingdom: Animalia
       Phylum: Arthropoda
        Class: Arachnida
         Order: Araneae
          Family: Arachnidae
           Genus: Herpyllus
            Species: ecclesiasticus

    Size (Adult, Length): 10mm to 20mm (0.39in to 0.79in)

    Identifying Colors: black; brown; ivory

    Additional Descriptors: cross, biting, venomous

    North American Reach (Though Not Limited To*): Alabama; Alaska; Arizona; Arkansas; California; Colorado; Connecticut; Delaware; Florida; Georgia; Hawaii; Idaho; Illinois; Indiana; Iowa; Kansas; Kentucky; Louisiana; Maine; Maryland; Massachusetts; Michigan; Minnesota; Mississippi; Missouri; Montana; Nebraska; Nevada; New Hampshire; New Jersey; New Mexico; New York; North Carolina; North Dakota; Ohio; Oklahoma; Oregon; Pennsylvania; Rhode Island; South Carolina; South Dakota; Tennessee; Texas; Utah; Vermont; Virginia; Washington; West Virginia; Wisconsin; Wyoming; Alberta; British Columbia; Manitoba; New Brunswick; Newfoundland and Labrador; Nova Scotia; Ontario; Prince Edward Island; Quebec; Saskatchewan; Mexico

    * Keep in mind that an insect's reach is not limited by lines on a map and therefore may appear in areas/regions/states beyond those listed above.

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