Thin lines crossing the wings of the Red-lined Panopoda Moth may be the only stable identifier in this somewhat varied species.
The adult Red-lined Panopoda Moth is brown in color. Some have dark patches in the center of their forewings, others are uniformly pale brown all over. Those not familiar with the variations may think they are looking at different, yet related moths. Each individual, fortunately, has two thin, almost parallel, red lines that cross the forewings - one on the upper part, one on the lower part. Many individuals even have an obscure darker brown streak between these red lines. A crescent shaped mark in either yellow or black is on the outer edge of each forewing between the red lines. A single dot sits above this crescent mark. A small black dot may be present on either side of the 'shoulder' area. Hindwings continue the lower red line, but not the upper one. Along the bottom of all four wings is a row of black or dark brown dots or smudges that may be highlighted with white bottoms. This Panopoda is one of four in the genus found in central and northern North America.
Green fleshy caterpillars are long and slender with tiny black specks on the head. A thin yellow line runs the length of both sides of the the upper 'back'. Each segment has a tiny red dot in its center along with a thin yellow diagonal line that stretches from the 'feet' to toward the 'spine'. These larvae feed on beech and oak leaves. Look for active adults through the summer in forests, parks, or backyards that grow host trees.
Scientific Name: Panopoda rufimargo
Butterfly or Moth
Size (Adult; Length): 22mm to 25mm (0.86in to 0.98in)
Colors: brown, red, yellow, black, white
Descriptors: thin red line, black dash, yellow spot, dash, double line, flying
Note: An insect's reach is not limited by lines drawn on a map and therefore species may appear in areas, regions and/or states beyond those listed above as they are driven by environmental factors (such as climate change), available food supplies and mating patterns. Grayed-out selections indicate that the subject in question has not been reported in that particular territory. U.S. states and Canadian provinces / territories are clickable to their respective bug listings.
Butterfly and Moth Anatomy
Antennae: Butterflies and Moths have a pair of antennae on the head used as sensors.
Head: The head is home to the insect's eyes, antennae, and proboscis.
Thorax: Home to the three pairs of legs as well as vital internal organs.
Abdomen: Contains vital internal organs such as the heart(s) and reproduction facilities.
Forewing: The upper, forward wing pair used for flying.
Hindwing: The lower, rearward wing pair used for flying.
NOTE: Butterflies and Moths are part of the Lepidopteran order as they share many similarities.