This species of moth spends its summer nights searching for a mate. Eggs are laid on walnut, hickory, sweet gum, ash and sumac trees. Caterpillars eat the foliage of their host tree and cocoon in a shell made of earth, not silk. The distinct appearance of the caterpillar has given it the moniker 'hickory horned devil'. Its body is studded with reddish-orange horns that end in black tips. Its body can be a variety of colors depending on the individual: green, brown, bluish. Only one generation is produced every year regardless of region.