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Scarlet-Winged Lichen Moth (Hypoprepia miniata)


Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Scarlet-Winged Lichen Moth.

 Updated: 8/9/2016; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.InsectIdentification.org




The medium-sized Scarlet-winged Lichen Moth adult has bright colors, while its dull caterpillar blends in nicely on the lichens that speckle tree trunks everywhere.



Camouflage works well for the caterpillar of the Scarlet-winged Lichen Moth. Its brown speckled coloring matches exactly with the lichen that it feeds on. Lichens are a fungus-algae hybrid, though some are fungus-bacterial hybrids. The fungus brings water to the team, while the algae/bacteria brings photosynthetic food.These delicate flakes grow on the trunks of tree, forming a crust of sorts on the bark. They are also commonly seen on old stones walls and boulders. The caterpillar eats away at the lichen until it is ready to pupate.

The red and black adults emerge in spring or summer. They can be found in or near woodlands and pine forests. They are mostly nocturnal, and are attracted to lights. They are similar in appearance to their cousin, the Painted Lichen Moth. The Painted Lichen Moth has a more orange hue and a bit of black on the thorax ('shoulder plate') where the Scarlet-winged Lichen Moth is red.




Taxonomic Hierarchy
Kingdom: Animalia
  Phylum: Arthropoda
    Class: Insecta
      Order: Lepidoptera
        Family: Erebidae
          Genus: Hypoprepia
            Species: miniata
Identifying Information
Scientific Name: Hypoprepia miniata
Category: Butterfly or Moth
Size (Adult; Length): 15mm to 21mm (0.59in to 0.82in)
Colorwheel Graphic Colors: red, black
Descriptors: striped, vein, tree, flying, harmless
Territorial Map
Alaska  
Hawaii  
Prince Edward Is.  
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Territorial Reach (A-to-Z)
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delware
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Canadian National Flag Graphic
Alberta
British Columbia
Manitoba
New Brunswick
Newfoundland and Labrador
Nova Scotia
Ontario
Prince Edward Island
Quebec
Saskatchewan
Mexican National Flag Graphic
Mexico
Note: An insect's reach is not limited by lines drawn on a map and therefore species may appear in areas, regions and/or states beyond those listed above as they are driven by environmental factors (such as climate change), available food supplies and mating patterns. Grayed-out selections indicate that the subject in question has not been reported in that particular territory. U.S. states and Canadian provinces / territories are clickable to their respective bug listings.




Butterfly and Moth Anatomy
Graphic showing basic anatomy of a common North American butterfly and moth insect
1
Antennae: Butterflies and Moths have a pair of antennae on the head used as sensors.
2
Head: The head is home to the insect's eyes, antennae, and proboscis.
3
Thorax: Home to the three pairs of legs as well as vital internal organs.
4
Abdomen: Contains vital internal organs such as the heart(s) and reproduction facilities.
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Forewing: The upper, forward wing pair used for flying.
6
Hindwing: The lower, rearward wing pair used for flying.
NOTE: Butterflies and Moths are part of the Lepidopteran order as they share many similarities.