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  • Southern Devil Scorpion - (Vaejovis carolinianus)

    Southern Devil Scorpion - (Vaejovis carolinianus)

    Not all scorpions are desert creatures; some prefer and thrive in a more tropical climate.

    Picture of Southern Devil Scorpion
    Staff Writer (8/7/2017): The Southern Devil Scorpion is one of the few native scorpions found on the southeastern part of the U.S.. Most people associate scorpions with arid, dry climates, but this species has long been a resident in the more humid South. Unlike their Middle Eastern cousins, the poison of most North American scorpions is not lethal though a few people may find themselves allergic, which can be medically serious. Despite their lack of deadly poison, their sting is certainly not painless. The area of a scorpion sting usually becomes swollen and red and remains painful and tender for some time. Medical attention may be necessary if symptoms persist or become worse.

    Despite their reputation, most scorpions do not set out to attack people. They are nocturnal and are more active at night, wandering around for prey. Because of this, many human campers shake out their sleeping bags before bed as well as their shoes before putting them on the next morning to avoid accidental close contact. During the day, scorpions rest underground. They can be found in leaf piles, under wood stacks and stones. They may venture into homes (in cellars or crawlspaces).

    Their natural prey consists of spiders and other large insects. The stinger on the tip of the abdomen, or tail, is used to inject the poison and kill its victim. It may also aid in pinning the victim down until it dies. The pincers of the scorpion are used to grab and pull prey apart. Males use these two weapons against other intruding male scorpions.

    During mating, the male and female will clasp each other's claws and dance. Females can give birth to 25 - 80 babies, one at a time, a few months after mating. Lighter colored baby scorpions are vulnerable and reside on their mother's back for about 4 weeks until they reach their molting stage. They will shed their exoskeleton for a larger, more durable. They leave their mother after the process is complete.

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    Details of the:
    Southern Devil Scorpion

    Category: Scorpion
    Common name: Southern Devil Scorpion
    Scientific Name: Vaejovis carolinianus
    Other Names: Southern Unstriped Scorpion

      Kingdom: Animalia
       Phylum: Arthropoda
        Class: Arachnida
         Order: Scorpiones
          Family: Vaejovidae
           Genus: Vaejovis
            Species: carolinianus

    Size (Adult, Length): 40mm to 80mm (1.57in to 3.15in)

    Identifying Colors: brown

    Additional Descriptors: stinger, pinchers, pincers, claw, stinging

    North American Reach (Though Not Limited To*): Alabama; Florida; Georgia; Kentucky; Louisiana; Mississippi; North Carolina; South Carolina; Tennessee; Virginia

    * Keep in mind that an insect's reach is not limited by lines on a map and therefore may appear in areas/regions/states beyond those listed above.

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