This spider earned its name by spraying its prey with a sticky secretion. When a Spitting Spider approaches a possible meal, it taps one of its long front legs between it and the insect in order to gauge the distance. It walks within spitting range and then ejects a sticky mess at the insect. The Spitting Spider quickly sways its head from side-to-side as it projects the spit in order to form crisscrossing bands that pin the insect prey like a net. Big insects may get sprayed multiple times in order to subdue them. Once the prey is trapped, the spider quickly wraps it in spider silk, spinning it between the back legs while quickly winding the silk. The Spitting Spider than bites the insect, injecting venomous fluid that liquefies the internal parts of the prey's body. It consumes the insect on site unlike other spiders that may drag it to a lair for later consumption.
This brown spider has long, bendy legs and a speckled body. Its gangling legs look like stilts. It is a slow-moving, nocturnal hunter. It does not chase food; it creeps up on it. It can be found in woods, under rocks, stones, and leaf litter, and in cellars and clothing closets.
Scientific Name: Scytodes spp.
Size (Adult; Length): 4mm to 9mm (0.16in to 0.35in)
Note: An insect's reach is not limited by lines drawn on a map and therefore species may appear in areas, regions and/or states beyond those listed above as they are driven by environmental factors (such as climate change), available food supplies and mating patterns. Grayed-out selections indicate that the subject in question has not been reported in that particular territory. U.S. states and Canadian provinces / territories are clickable to their respective bug listings.
Legs: Spiders have four pairs of legs and these are attached to the cephalothorax.
Pedipalps: Small appendages near the mouth used as taste and smell organs.
Cephalothorax: Contains eyes, head, mouthparts, and legs.
Abdomen: Contains various organs related to digestion, reproduction, and web-making.
Spinnerets: Used in the production of spider silk for fashioning webs or catching prey.
NOTE: Unlike insects, spiders have both an endoskeleton (internal) and exoskeleton (external).