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Viceroy (Limenitis archippus)


Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Viceroy.

 Updated: 10/23/2018; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.InsectIdentification.org




Highly recognized throughout the continent, the Viceroy is a hallmark in a proud regal family.



A classic butterfly, the decorated Viceroy is often seen in coloring books, on plates and pottery, and stamped on notecards. It is orange with bold black borders and lines on the wings. White dots form two rows at the bottom edges of the wings. Near the tips of the forewings is a black patch that showcases two bright white spots and a third one closer to the tip. An obvious black line curves across the hindwings. The body is black. The coloring of the Viceroy closely mimics the foul-tasting Monarch butterfly, offering the Viceroy a chance to avoid wary predators.

Caterpillars have just about every oddity one can think of when describing a caterpillar. They have humps, bumps, antennae, and can bend at right angles. In general, they look like bird poop; the brown and white kind, or the green and white kind. Short bristles poke out of small bumps on the body and two black antennae look like they are covered in spikes or prickles. They feed on apple, aspen, cherry, cottonwood, poplar, and willow tree leaves.

Look for adults on wing from late spring through mid-autumn in temperate areas, but they are see year-round in warmer parts of Florida and Mexico. They are fond of wet areas like the lakeside, marshes and swamps, as well as meadows, thickets and valleys.




Taxonomic Hierarchy
Kingdom: Animalia
  Phylum: Arthropoda
    Class: Insecta
      Order: Lepidoptera
        Family: Nymphalidae
          Genus: Limenitis
            Species: archippus
Identifying Information
Scientific Name: Limenitis archippus
Category: Butterfly or Moth
Size (Adult; Length): 53mm to 86mm (2.07in to 3.35in)
Colorwheel Graphic Colors: orange, black, white
Descriptors: classic butterfly, flying
Territorial Map
Alaska  
Hawaii  
Prince Edward Is.  
State of Alabama graphic
State of Arizona graphic
State of Arkansas graphic
State of California graphic
State of Colorado graphic
State of Delware graphic
State of Florida graphic
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State of New Mexico graphic
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State of North Carolina graphic
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State of South Carolina graphic
State of South Dakota graphic
State of Tennessee graphic
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State of Utah graphic
State of Virginia graphic
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State of Wyoming graphic
Canadian territory of Alberta graphic
Canadian territory of British Columbia graphic
Canadian territory of Manitoba graphic
Canadian territory of New Brunswick graphic
Canadian territory of Newfoundland and Labrador graphic
Canadian territory of Ontario graphic
Canadian territory of Quebec graphic
Canadian territory of Saskatchewan graphic
Territory map graphic of the country of Mexico
Contiguous United States shape map layer graphic


Territorial Reach (A-to-Z)
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delware
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Canadian National Flag Graphic
Alberta
British Columbia
Manitoba
New Brunswick
Newfoundland and Labrador
Nova Scotia
Ontario
Prince Edward Island
Quebec
Saskatchewan
Mexican National Flag Graphic
Mexico
Note: An insect's reach is not limited by lines drawn on a map and therefore species may appear in areas, regions and/or states beyond those listed above as they are driven by environmental factors (such as climate change), available food supplies and mating patterns. Grayed-out selections indicate that the subject in question has not been reported in that particular territory. U.S. states and Canadian provinces / territories are clickable to their respective bug listings.




Butterfly and Moth Anatomy
Graphic showing basic anatomy of a common North American butterfly and moth insect
1
Antennae: Butterflies and Moths have a pair of antennae on the head used as sensors.
2
Head: The head is home to the insect's eyes, antennae, and proboscis.
3
Thorax: Home to the three pairs of legs as well as vital internal organs.
4
Abdomen: Contains vital internal organs such as the heart(s) and reproduction facilities.
5
Forewing: The upper, forward wing pair used for flying.
6
Hindwing: The lower, rearward wing pair used for flying.
NOTE: Butterflies and Moths are part of the Lepidopteran order as they share many similarities.