Though the adult Western Grapeleaf Skeletonizer Moth does not bite or sting, its caterpillar does both, hurting leaves and people.
Black, shiny wings and a bright yellow or orange face might have an observer thinking it is a fly or bee, but the Western Grapeleaf Skeletonizer Moth is neither. That said, it is still quite a nuisance in its own ways.
Lemony colored eggs are laid in groups of 10 to 100 on the bottom of grape leaves. They hatch in about 7 days. Caterpillars are yellow and tubular. It may have a blue ring near its head and another near its rear. Its 10 yellow bands of color are broken by 11 black hairy rings that can cause painful stings to humans. The spines can cause an allergic reaction that may require medical attention. They have voracious appetites and devour the fleshy green parts of leaves of grapevines causing the plant harm as well as its fruit production. All that remains of the leaf are its veins, still in leaf shape, giving it a skeleton-type appearance. Look for them, with gloved hands and long sleeves, under grape leaves. They chew through them from the bottom. They are a major pest to California grape-growing and wine producing industries. To further aggravate the situation, many generations can be produced in one year making it possible to see a vineyard decimated by the caterpillars in one growing season. They pupate after 40 days of feasting and emerge two weeks later as winged adults, ready and able to reproduce.
A variety of methods are used to control the larvae of the Western Grapeleaf Skeletonizer Moth: introduction of granulosis virus and species-specific parasites, use of insecticide spray, keeping leaf litter and debris away from plant bases, and removing infested leaves.
Scientific Name: Harrisina metallica
Butterfly or Moth
Size (Adult; Length): 22mm to 30mm (0.86in to 1.17in)
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Butterfly and Moth Anatomy
Antennae: Butterflies and Moths have a pair of antennae on the head used as sensors.
Head: The head is home to the insect's eyes, antennae, and proboscis.
Thorax: Home to the three pairs of legs as well as vital internal organs.
Abdomen: Contains vital internal organs such as the heart(s) and reproduction facilities.
Forewing: The upper, forward wing pair used for flying.
Hindwing: The lower, rearward wing pair used for flying.
NOTE: Butterflies and Moths are part of the Lepidopteran order as they share many similarities.