×
BugFinder Insects by State Spiders Butterflies & Moths Bees, Ants, & Wasps Beetles All Bugs Videos (YouTube)

Baltimore Checkerspot (Euphydryas phaeton)


Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Baltimore Checkerspot



Loading SVG image placeholder
1/1
Image Credit: Lori S. from MI
Full-sized image of the Baltimore-Checkerspot-Butterfly Thumbnail image of the Baltimore-Checkerspot-Butterfly

Orange and black, like Lord Baltimore's coat of arms, this butterfly spans farther west than just Maryland.



Updated: 01/26/2021; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org
Like the city and the oriole, the Baltimore Checkerspot was named after Lord Baltimore, an English baron that started a colony in North America back in the 1600?s. The baron?s family coat of arms consisted of black and orange checkers, and the butterfly shared those same colors.

The butterfly is black in the middle, but has a lot of color on the outer parts of the wings. Each wing has a single row of large orange spots along the bottom edge. A narrow black and white checkered fringe sits at the very edge beneath it. On the topside of the wings, up to four rows of white spots can be seen on the forewings and two white rows are on the smaller hindwings. Two large orange spots by the base of each wing sit on either side of the body. These orange spots may be solid and round, or fragmented by black veins. The leading front edge of each forewing has a thin orange line next to the head. The black body has rows of small white dots one it.

When the wings are raised, the underside of the wings is appears much lighter. The orange and white rows are still present, but they are bordered by black lines and take up more space on the wings. The face has a dab of orange on it between the eyes, and the clubs on the black antennae are also orange. This butterfly has black and orange legs, and the front pair may not be easy to see because they are short.

The caterpillar for this butterfly is black and orange, like the adult. It is covered in black spikes and its body may be completely orange, completely black, or have black and orange rings around it. It feeds on plantain and false foxglove, but its favored host is turtlehead, a native plant also known as balmony or turtle bloom. The chrysalis for this caterpillar is white with orange and black spots on it. Despite its name, the butterfly?s range extends all the way to the Mississippi River. Look for it in damp meadows, where turtleheads are likely to grow.




General Characteristics
Capability, Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers
Flying insect icon
Patterned insect icon




Taxonomic Hierarchy
Species Breakdown
Kingdom: Animalia
  Phylum: Arthropoda
    Class: Insecta
      Order: Lepidoptera
        Family: Nymphalidae
View More
          Genus: Euphydryas
View More
            Species: phaeton
Identifying Information
Size, Colors, Features
Scientific Name: Euphydryas phaeton
Category: Butterfly or Moth
Size (Adult; Length): 44mm to 76mm (1.73" to 2.99")
Colorwheel Graphic Colors: black; orange; white
Descriptors: rows of white spots; orange bottom spots; orange rim border; large orange spots by head; black center; flying
Relative Size Comparison
Typical Range Between 44mm and 76mm
Lo: 44mm
Md: 60mm
Hi: 76mm
Territorial Map*
U.S., Canada, and Mexico
State of Alabama graphic
State of Arizona graphic
State of Arkansas graphic
State of California graphic
State of Colorado graphic
State of Delware graphic
State of Florida graphic
State of Georgia graphic
State of Idaho graphic
State of Illinois graphic
State of Indiana graphic
State of Iowa graphic
State of Kansas graphic
State of Kentucky graphic
State of Louisiana graphic
State of Maine graphic
State of Maryland graphic
State of Michigan graphic
State of Minnesota graphic
State of Mississippi graphic
State of Missouri graphic
State of Montana graphic
State of Nebraska graphic
State of Nevada graphic
State of New England graphic
State of New Jersey graphic
State of New Mexico graphic
State of New York graphic
State of North Carolina graphic
State of North Dakota graphic
State of Ohio graphic
State of Oklahoma graphic
State of Oregon graphic
State of Pennsylvania graphic
State of South Carolina graphic
State of South Dakota graphic
State of Tennessee graphic
State of Texas graphic
State of Utah graphic
State of Virginia graphic
State of Washington graphic
State of West Virginia graphic
State of Wisconsin graphic
State of Wyoming graphic
Canadian territory of Alberta graphic
Canadian territory of British Columbia graphic
Canadian territory of Manitoba graphic
Canadian territory of New Brunswick graphic
Canadian territory of Newfoundland and Labrador graphic
Canadian territory of Ontario graphic
Canadian territory of Quebec graphic
Canadian territory of Saskatchewan graphic
Territory map graphic of the country of Mexico
Contiguous United States shape map layer graphic
Alaska  
Hawaii  
Prince Edward Is.  
* MAP NOTES: The territorial heat map above showcases (in red) the states and territories of North America where the Baltimore Checkerspot may be found (but is not limited to). This sort of data is useful when attempting to see concentrations of particular species across the continent as well as revealing possible migratory patterns over a species' given lifespan. Some insects are naturally confined by environment, weather, mating habits, food resources and the like while others see widespread expansion across most, or all, of North America. States/Territories shown above are a general indicator of areas inhabited by the Baltimore Checkerspot. Insects generally go where they please, typically driven by diet, environmental changes, and / or mating habits.

Site Disclaimer  |  Privacy Policy  |  Cookies  |  Sitemap


Beetle Identification Butterfly Identification Caterpillar Identification Spider ID

www.InsectIdentification.org • Content ©2006- InsectIdentification.org • All Rights Reserved. The InsectIdentification.org logo, its written content, and watermarked photographs/imagery are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and is protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. This resource uses publically-released information. Material presented throughout this website is for entertainment value and should not to be construed as usable for scientific research or medical advice (regarding bites, etc...).Please consult licensed, degreed professionals for such information. By submitting images to us (InsectIdentification.org) you acknowledge that you have read and understood our Site Disclaimer as it pertains to "User-Submitted Content". When emailing please include your location and the general estimated size of the specimen in question if possible. Please direct all inquiries and comments to insectidentification AT gmail.com.

www.InsectIdentification.org • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2006-

Facebook Logo YouTube Logo