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Bold Jumper (Phidippus audax)


Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Bold Jumper



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The tiny and hairy Bold Jumping Spider has a lot of audacity and isn't afraid to eat creatures much larger than itself.



Updated: 01/26/2021; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org
As a member of the Salticidae family, this small jumping spider has the ability to leap more than 4 times its own body length. The rapid-fire pouncing allows it to ambush insect prey that it has stalked. It also enables the spider to have a surprise escape from possible predators. Because they are so difficult to catch, it is unlikely observers will ever get bitten by one. They can and will bite, but their venom is not lethal and may only cause a stinging sensation.

Bold Jumping Spiders have strong colors as well as behavior. The black spider has a white line crossing the upper part of its abdomen. Two bright, white dots are closer to the rear. Pedipalps and legs have white hairy patches on them. This ubiquitous spider can be found in virtually any habitat, including homes, offices, and cars. They are wandering hunters and do not spin webs. To catch most insects, they are most active in the daytime when they can see their prey. Like other Jumping Spiders, Bold Jumpers create a small retreat for themselves to rest in that is lined in spider silk. This is also where they will take their catch and consume it.




General Characteristics
Capability, Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers
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Fast insect icon
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Striped or banded insect icon
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Taxonomic Hierarchy
Species Breakdown
Kingdom: Animalia
  Phylum: Arthropoda
    Class: Arachnida
      Order: Araneae
        Family: Salticidae
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          Genus: Phidippus
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            Species: audax
Identifying Information
Size, Colors, Features
Scientific Name: Phidippus audax
Other Name(s): Daring Jumping Spider, Bold Jumper
Category: Spider
Size (Adult; Length): 6mm to 15mm (0.23" to 0.59")
Colorwheel Graphic Colors: black, white, green,gray
Descriptors: fast, jumping, pouncing, hairy, venomous, biting, striped
Relative Size Comparison
Typical Range Between 6mm and 15mm
Lo: 6mm
Md: 10.5mm
Hi: 15mm
Territorial Map*
U.S., Canada, and Mexico
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Territory map graphic of the country of Mexico
Contiguous United States shape map layer graphic
Alaska  
Hawaii  
Prince Edward Is.  
* MAP NOTES: The territorial heat map above showcases (in red) the states and territories of North America where the Bold Jumper may be found (but is not limited to). This sort of data is useful when attempting to see concentrations of particular species across the continent as well as revealing possible migratory patterns over a species' given lifespan. Some insects are naturally confined by environment, weather, mating habits, food resources and the like while others see widespread expansion across most, or all, of North America. States/Territories shown above are a general indicator of areas inhabited by the Bold Jumper. Insects generally go where they please, typically driven by diet, environmental changes, and / or mating habits.

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