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Candy-striped Leafhopper (Graphocephala coccinea)

Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Candy-striped Leafhopper

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Image Credit: Peter S. from Acton, MA
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Image Credit: Peter S. from Acton, MA
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Image Credit: Lauren H. from WA
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Image Credit: Tracy S. from IL
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The red and blue Candy-striped Leafhopper looks like a fruity candy cane and its sweet excretion makes other insects big fans.

Updated: 08/12/2021; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org
The bold color combination on the small Candy-striped Leafhopper is not very common among insects. Though some may have patches of green, those bright red and blue diagonal stripes draw everyone's attention. Its powerful legs are green. When threatened, leafhoppers cock their hind legs and jump away from potential predators. They can travel great distances in one leap considering their size. Viewing them can be difficult for that reason; just when you get close enough to admire them, they jump out of view.

This species is commonly found on blackberry bushes, and on the flowers and leaves of ornamental plants like roses and rhododendrons. They may cause some damage to these plants by sucking the juices from them. After enough meals, the Candy-striped Leafhopper can emit bubbles of liquid waste from its abdomen. This liquid retains some of the sweetness from the plant's juice and is very attractive to a variety of other insects like wasps and flies.

General Characteristics
Capability, Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers
Garden pest insect icon
Jumping insect icon
Pest insect icon
Striped or banded insect icon


Taxonomic Hierarchy
Species Breakdown
Kingdom: Animalia
  Phylum: Arthropoda
    Class: Insecta
      Order: Hemiptera
        Family: Cicadellidae
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          Genus: Graphocephala
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            Species: coccinea
Identifying Information
Size, Colors, Features
Scientific Name: Graphocephala coccinea
Other Name(s): Scarlet and Green Leafhopper; Red-banded Leafhopper
Category: Cicada and Planthopper
Size (Adult; Length): 8mm to 10mm (0.31" to 0.39")
Colorwheel Graphic Colors: blue; red; green
Descriptors: jumps, hops, tiny, lines, garden pest

Relative Size Comparison
Typical Size Between 8mm (0.3in) and 10mm (0.4in)
Lo: 8mm
Md: 9mm
Hi: 10mm
Territorial Map*
U.S., Canada, and Mexico
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Territory map graphic of the country of Mexico
Contiguous United States shape map layer graphic
Prince Edward Is.  
* MAP NOTES: The territorial heat map above showcases (in red) the states and territories of North America where the Candy-striped Leafhopper may be found (but is not limited to). This sort of data is useful when attempting to see concentrations of particular species across the continent as well as revealing possible migratory patterns over a species' given lifespan. Some insects are naturally confined by environment, weather, mating habits, food resources and the like while others see widespread expansion across most, or all, of North America. States/Territories shown above are a general indicator of areas inhabited by the Candy-striped Leafhopper. Insects generally go where they please, typically driven by diet, environmental changes, and / or mating habits.


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