The Common Buckeye is a member of the diverse Brush-footed Butterfly family. This means it is related to the Monarch, Viceroy, Malachite, and the Fritillary subfamily. The front pair of legs is very short and almost so difficult to see that many people only count 4 legs at first glance. In addition to their diminutive length, the front pair is also covered in short bristles, or hairs, like a hair brush. Common Buckeyes are mostly brown and have one small and one large black-and-blue eyespot on every wing. These eyespots are ringed in orange and black. Two prominent orange bands on each forewing are near the head with a thick ivory band that encompasses the larger eyespot. Orange and light brown form a border at the bottom edges of the wings. Underneath each forewing is a less ornate pattern, retaining two medium-sized eyespots on a brown wing. Each antenna has a small knob at the tip.
Though seen occasionally as far north as Canada and the northern U.S. states, the Common Buckeye does not breed there. They prefer warmer states and can breed up to 4 times a year in warmer climates. They usually reside in open land. Males are very territorial and will fly out at anything that passes too closely. The caterpillar is a black color with white and orange lines and stripes. It also has black bristles sticking out on the dorsal (back) side at each pair of legs. These caterpillars love to feed on plants from the plantain, verbena, figwort, snapdragon, monkey flower, and stonecrop families.
General Characteristics Capability, Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers
* MAP NOTES: The territorial heat map above showcases (in red) the states and territories of North America where the Common Buckeye Butterfly may be found (but is not limited to). This sort of data is useful when attempting to see concentrations of particular species across the continent as well as revealing possible migratory patterns over a species' given lifespan. Some insects are naturally confined by environment, weather, mating habits, food resources and the like while others see widespread expansion across most, or all, of North America. States/Territories shown above are a general indicator of areas inhabited by the Common Buckeye Butterfly. Insects generally go where they please, typically driven by diet, environmental changes, and / or mating habits.