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Coral Hairstreak Butterfly (Satyrium titus)

Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Coral Hairstreak Butterfly

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Image Credit: Joy Z. from Calumet, MI
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A bright curve of orange-red spots grace the border of the Coral Hairstreak's hindwings.

Updated: 01/26/2021; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org
A complete row of coral-colored spots on the underside of the hindwings are a hallmark feature for identifying this butterfly. Other Hairstreaks have coral in the same area, but this species? spots do not connect and are bold and bright. Smaller black flecks are also on this side of the wings, but there is little else marking the wings. Even the top sides are plain, save for a faint peek of orange bleeding through from the spots underneath. Antennae have black and white banding on them.

Adults are often seen with wings up, which is advantageous to those trying to figure out what they are. The caterpillar feeds on wild plum, wild cherry, and chokecherry trees. Adults take nectar from various types of flowers including those on dogbane and butterflyweed. This species has a large range in the U.S. and has presence in the southern provinces of Canada. Look for adults in wooded areas, scrub, chaparral, and bushland.

General Characteristics
Capability, Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers
Insect antennae icon
Flying insect icon
Patterned insect icon


Taxonomic Hierarchy
Species Breakdown
Kingdom: Animalia
  Phylum: Arthropoda
    Class: Insecta
      Order: Lepidoptera
        Family: Lycaenidae
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          Genus: Satyrium
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            Species: titus
Identifying Information
Size, Colors, Features
Scientific Name: Satyrium titus
Category: Butterfly or Moth
Size (Adult; Length): 25mm to 38mm (0.98" to 1.49")
Colorwheel Graphic Colors: brown; red; orange; white; black
Descriptors: row of dots; small dots; orange-tipped antennae; flying

Relative Size Comparison
Typical Size Between 25mm (1.0in) and 38mm (1.5in)
Lo: 25mm
Md: 31.5mm
Hi: 38mm
Territorial Map*
U.S., Canada, and Mexico
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Prince Edward Is.  
* MAP NOTES: The territorial heat map above showcases (in red) the states and territories of North America where the Coral Hairstreak Butterfly may be found (but is not limited to). This sort of data is useful when attempting to see concentrations of particular species across the continent as well as revealing possible migratory patterns over a species' given lifespan. Some insects are naturally confined by environment, weather, mating habits, food resources and the like while others see widespread expansion across most, or all, of North America. States/Territories shown above are a general indicator of areas inhabited by the Coral Hairstreak Butterfly. Insects generally go where they please, typically driven by diet, environmental changes, and / or mating habits.


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