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Crested Millipede (Abacion spp.)

Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Crested Millipede

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Crested Millipedes have grooves and ridges, setting them apart from the more well-known 'armored' millipedes found under rocks and stones.

Updated: 01/26/2021; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org
Millipedes have a pair of legs on either side of their body segments. Though the density is high, millipedes have far fewer than 1,000 legs. This particular genus has brown legs and a brown body. The brown may be darker in some species and lighter in others. The number of body segments can range between 40-60 segments. What all Crested Millipedes share, though, are crests, or raised areas, on their segments which are followed by grooves. This creates a bumpy, textured body that looks a lot less like armor plating and more like leather.

Many millipedes are known to produce chemicals that are off-putting and help deter predators. Gently touching one may release faint or strong traces of the chemical depending on the millipede. This genus has this aromatic capability and the substance it secretes is p-cresol, a derivative of phenol. A behavioral defense the millipede often employs is curling up, which tucks in vulnerable body parts. Look for Crested Millipedes under leaf litter, rocks, and wood.

General Characteristics
Capability, Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers
Striped or banded insect icon


Taxonomic Hierarchy
Species Breakdown
Kingdom: Animalia
  Phylum: Arthropoda
    Class: Diplopoda
      Order: Callipodida
        Family: Abacionidae
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          Genus: Abacion
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            Species: spp.
Identifying Information
Size, Colors, Features
Scientific Name: Abacion spp.
Category: Millipede
Size (Adult; Length): 0mm to 0mm (0" to 0")
Colorwheel Graphic Colors: brown
Descriptors: worm-like; ridges; many legs; red stripe

Relative Size Comparison
Typical Size Between 0mm (0.0in) and 0mm (0.0in)
Lo: 0mm
Md: 0mm
Hi: 0mm
Territorial Map*
U.S., Canada, and Mexico
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Prince Edward Is.  
* MAP NOTES: The territorial heat map above showcases (in red) the states and territories of North America where the Crested Millipede may be found (but is not limited to). This sort of data is useful when attempting to see concentrations of particular species across the continent as well as revealing possible migratory patterns over a species' given lifespan. Some insects are naturally confined by environment, weather, mating habits, food resources and the like while others see widespread expansion across most, or all, of North America. States/Territories shown above are a general indicator of areas inhabited by the Crested Millipede. Insects generally go where they please, typically driven by diet, environmental changes, and / or mating habits.


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