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Green June Beetle (Cotinus nitida)


Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Green June Beetle



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The robust Green June Beetle is a beautiful little menace that feasts on all sorts of valuable produce.



Updated: 07/13/2020; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org
Green June Beetles are a lovely emerald green color with a tan, golden border. Blushes of gold may also form on the elytra (wing coverings). THeir belly is also metallic; part green and part brown. Big black eyes sit on either side of the green head. Short dark brown antennae split at the tips. They can grow large, easily over an inch long, and have a solid heft about them. They are frequent and active flyers, and may be mistaken for a carpenter bee when heard flying thanks to the similar noise they make. Green June Beetles visit gardens, orchards, crops, and open wooded areas. Adults feed on stone fruit crops like peaches and plums in the Southeastern U.S., eating into the fruit before humans can get to it. Raspberries, quince, apples, and nectarines are also victims of feeding. The adult beetles skip around to all types of vegetation in search of food. Adults also drink from open flowers like buttercups and hollyhocks, and blossoms on maple and oak trees. The beetle itself if not harmful to humans; just to the crops we grow. Adults bore into ripe fruit, leaving behind feces inside and on the blemished produce.

Larvae (grubs) hatch underground and feed on the roots of grasses, vegetables, and ornamental plants. In large numbers, this weakens a plant and may cause it to die. They also dig deep tunnels into the soil, leaving little holes with mounds of dirt around the opening. This can be problematic for golf courses because the pristine turf is aesthetically compromised by the grubs. A long rainy spell forces grubs to dig their way to the surface of the soil to avoid drowning, but they will try to go back underground once the soil is dry enough. If unearthed or at the soil's surface, they are often seen crawling on their back with their legs in the air, awkwardly inching their way forward. They overwinter deep in the soil and emerge as adults the next spring. Identifying this particular insect as the source of turf issues is critical before attempting to employ biological and chemical management strategies.




General Characteristics
Capability, Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers
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Taxonomic Hierarchy
Species Breakdown
Kingdom: Animalia
  Phylum: Arthropoda
    Class: Insecta
      Order: Coleoptera
        Family: Scarabaeidae
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          Genus: Cotinus
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            Species: nitida
Identifying Information
Size, Colors, Features
Scientific Name: Cotinus nitida
Other Name(s): June Bug
Category: Beetle
Size (Adult; Length): 20mm to 30mm (0.78" to 1.18")
Colorwheel Graphic Colors: green, brown, black
Descriptors: shiny, metallic, buzzing
Relative Size Comparison
Typical Range Between 20mm and 30mm
Lo: 20mm
Md: 25mm
Hi: 30mm
Territorial Map*
U.S., Canada, and Mexico
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Canadian territory of Saskatchewan graphic
Territory map graphic of the country of Mexico
Contiguous United States shape map layer graphic
Alaska  
Hawaii  
Prince Edward Is.  
* MAP NOTES: The territorial heat map above showcases (in red) the states and territories of North America where the Green June Beetle may be found (but is not limited to). This sort of data is useful when attempting to see concentrations of particular species across the continent as well as revealing possible migratory patterns over a species' given lifespan. Some insects are naturally confined by environment, weather, mating habits, food resources and the like while others see widespread expansion across most, or all, of North America. States/Territories shown above are a general indicator of areas inhabited by the Green June Beetle. Insects generally go where they please, typically driven by diet, environmental changes, and / or mating habits.

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