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Johnson Jumping Spider (Phidippus johnsoni)

Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Johnson Jumping Spider

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Image Credit: Tim G., taken in PA
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The petite Johnson Jumping Spider can launch itself distances over 5 times the length of its own body.

Updated: 08/03/2023; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org
The Johnson Jumping Spider does not build webs to catch its food. It seeks it out, wandering around until it happens upon a good prey item. These tiny spiders jump large distances (considering their size) to catch their prey. Olympic long jumpers have nothing on these little powerhouses. They are day-time hunters and hide out at night and in the winter.

They have been known to bite humans, but without serious side effects. Females weave funnel-shaped webs under rocks or between objects for laying eggs. Males have an abdomen that is completely red, whereas the female will have a black line down the center of her abdomen. Before molting, the spider may have a slightly more colorful abdomen. A central white mark is flanked by short, line white dashes along the sides.©InsectIdentification.org

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General Characteristics

Capability, Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers
Insect biting icon
Hairy insect icon
Jumping insect icon

Taxonomic Hierarchy

Species Breakdown
Kingdom: Animalia
  Phylum: Arthropoda
    Class: Arachnida
      Order: Araneae
        Family: Salticidae
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          Genus: Phidippus
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            Species: johnsoni

Identifying Information

Size, Colors, Features
Scientific Name: Phidippus johnsoni
Other Name(s): Red Jumping Spider
Category: Spider
Size (Adult; Length): 7mm to 13mm (0.27" to 0.51")
Colorwheel Graphic Colors: black; red; white
Descriptors: jumping; biting; hairy

Relative Size Comparison

Typical Size Between 7mm (0.3in) and 13mm (0.5in)
Lo: 7mm
Md: 10mm
Hi: 13mm

Territorial Map*

U.S., Canada, and Mexico
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Prince Edward Is.  
* MAP NOTES: The territorial heat map above showcases (in red) the states and territories of North America where the Johnson Jumping Spider may be found (but is not limited to). This sort of data is useful when attempting to see concentrations of particular species across the continent as well as revealing possible migratory patterns over a species' given lifespan. Some insects are naturally confined by environment, weather, mating habits, food resources and the like while others see widespread expansion across most, or all, of North America. States/Territories shown above are a general indicator of areas inhabited by the Johnson Jumping Spider. Insects generally go where they please, typically driven by diet, environmental changes, and / or mating habits.
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