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Emerald Jumping Spider (Paraphidippus aurantius)

Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Emerald Jumping Spider

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Image Credit: Mark D. from Bronx, NY
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Identifying this species of Jumping Spider is black-and-white thanks to clear markings, small stature, and powerful legs.

Updated: 09/07/2023; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org
The Emerald Jumping male is black with a white side stripe on each side of its head area. A white border rounds the top of the abdomen. Females are brown with orange details. Both sexes show a flashy, metallic green coloring on the abdomen and cephalothorax, which is especially visible when light reflects off of the spider. A faint line of hairs runs down the center of the abdomen and small white dots and lines lay on either side of it. The big, round eyes on the front of the face are hard to miss. If you can get close enough before it jumps away, look for a smaller pair of eyes on the top of its carapace.

Like all members of the Salticidae family, fantastic leaps across relatively long distances are a hallmark of this spider. It is believed to have excellent eyesight and can be just as inquisitive as the human that observes it. Small and mighty, all Jumping Spiders pounce on unsuspecting insect prey using their springy legs to launch a silent aerial attack, or perhaps get themselves in range for a quick run-down.

It is not uncommon to find Emerald Jumping Spiders indoors where they help homeowners rid the house of unwanted pests. It is not known to be aggressive toward people, but like any creature under threat and in a panic, it can bite. The bite stings a little, but it is not life-threatening and heals by itself over time. More often, Emerald Jumping Spiders look, leap away, and disappear into corners and cracks.

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General Characteristics

Capability, Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers
Fast insect icon
Hairy insect icon
Jumping insect icon
Patterned insect icon
Striped or banded insect icon

Taxonomic Hierarchy

Species Breakdown
Kingdom: Animalia
  Phylum: Arthropoda
    Class: Arachnida
      Order: Araneae
        Family: Salticidae
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          Genus: Paraphidippus
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            Species: aurantius

Identifying Information

Size, Colors, Features
Scientific Name: Paraphidippus aurantius
Category: Spider
Size (Adult; Length): 4mm to 8mm (0.15" to 0.31")
Colorwheel Graphic Colors: black; white; brown; orange; green
Descriptors: dots; hairy; small; stripes; fast; jumping; leaping; big eyes

Relative Size Comparison

Typical Size Between 4mm (0.2in) and 8mm (0.3in)
Lo: 4mm
Md: 6mm
Hi: 8mm

Territorial Map*

U.S., Canada, and Mexico
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Canadian territory of Alberta graphic
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Canadian territory of Newfoundland and Labrador graphic
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Canadian territory of Saskatchewan graphic
Territory map graphic of the country of Mexico
Contiguous United States shape map layer graphic
Prince Edward Is.  
* MAP NOTES: The territorial heat map above showcases (in red) the states and territories of North America where the Emerald Jumping Spider may be found (but is not limited to). This sort of data is useful when attempting to see concentrations of particular species across the continent as well as revealing possible migratory patterns over a species' given lifespan. Some insects are naturally confined by environment, weather, mating habits, food resources and the like while others see widespread expansion across most, or all, of North America. States/Territories shown above are a general indicator of areas inhabited by the Emerald Jumping Spider. Insects generally go where they please, typically driven by diet, environmental changes, and / or mating habits.
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