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Strawberry Seed Beetle (Harpalus rufipes)

Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Strawberry Seed Beetle

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Seen in the the forest as well as a garden, the Strawberry Seed Beetle covers a lot of ground to find a good seed.

Updated: 02/16/2022; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org
Adult Strawberry Seed Beetles are long and black. Antennae and legs are orange. The pronotum is round near the head, but comes to a flat point on each side by the abdomen. The elytra (wing coverings) have long ridges running the length of them. This Ground Beetle enjoys eating the seeds of strawberries, damaging the fruit, but it also feeds on the seeds of conifers like spruce, pine, and larch trees. It can fly, and usually does so at night, but it is also commonly found walking around the ground. A few may venture indoors where they are considered a nuisance that can be easily caught and released outside.

Females lay fertilized eggs in the soil. Larvae of the Strawberry Seed Beetle move underground after hatching. There, they eat a carnivorous diet of small insects and other invertebrates. They emerge adults.©InsectIdentification.org

Known Diet of the Strawberry-Seed-Beetle

strawberry seeds
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General Characteristics

Capability, Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers
Flying insect icon
Rounded insect body icon

Taxonomic Hierarchy

Species Breakdown
Kingdom: Animalia
  Phylum: Arthropoda
    Class: Insecta
      Order: Coleoptera
        Family: Carabidae
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          Genus: Harpalus
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            Species: rufipes

Identifying Information

Size, Colors, Features
Scientific Name: Harpalus rufipes
Category: Beetle
Size (Adult; Length): 14mm to 16mm (0.55" to 0.62")
Colorwheel Graphic Colors: black; orange; brown
Descriptors: long; ridges; ground; orange legs; point edges; flying

Strawberry-Seed-Beetle Video(s)

A Strawberry Seed Beetle taking a walk.

Relative Size Comparison

Typical Size Between 14mm (0.6in) and 16mm (0.6in)
Lo: 14mm
Md: 15mm
Hi: 16mm

Territorial Map*

U.S., Canada, and Mexico
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Prince Edward Is.  
* MAP NOTES: The territorial heat map above showcases (in red) the states and territories of North America where the Strawberry Seed Beetle may be found (but is not limited to). This sort of data is useful when attempting to see concentrations of particular species across the continent as well as revealing possible migratory patterns over a species' given lifespan. Some insects are naturally confined by environment, weather, mating habits, food resources and the like while others see widespread expansion across most, or all, of North America. States/Territories shown above are a general indicator of areas inhabited by the Strawberry Seed Beetle. Insects generally go where they please, typically driven by diet, environmental changes, and / or mating habits.
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