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Two-marked Treehopper (Enchenopa binotata)


Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Two-marked Treehopper



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Image Credit: Sharon G.
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Small but mighty, the Two-marked Treehopper is an able jumper and flier, nimbly moving from branch to branch on trees and plants.



Updated: 08/23/2019; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org
Treehoppers are a plant-sucking insect that have the ability to leap both far and fast. This is a fantastic escape maneuver when threatened by a predator. The movement is so quick, it is often impossible to tell which direction it went. Two-marked Treehoppers are no exception. They are black/brown and have two yellow marks along the dorsal midline (spine). One mark is longer than the other. This species also has a long horn near the head. It is an extension of the pronotum (shoulder area).

Two-marked Treehoppers can be a pest. They weaken plants with their consistent feeding from the stems and leaves. This leads to plant browning and possible death. The treehopper can also secrete a sweet sticky substance called honeydew. This attracts other insects and can promote mold growth that looks like a black soot or ash.

Populations of Two-marked Treehoppers are host specific, yet each localized group seems to feed on a different plant making interactions between nearby populations a bit complicated. They easily travel to other areas, and if they encounter another population of Two-marked Treehoppers that feeds from a different plant, the two groups may never meet and reproduction between them greatly diminishes. It is not impossible that the two populations will interbreed, just less probable than if a male and female on the same diet would meet.




General Characteristics
Capability, Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers
Fast insect icon
Flying insect icon
Jumping insect icon




Taxonomic Hierarchy
Species Breakdown
Kingdom: Animalia
  Phylum: Arthropoda
    Class: Insecta
      Order: Hemiptera
        Family: Membracidae
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          Genus: Enchenopa
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            Species: binotata
Identifying Information
Size, Colors, Features
Scientific Name: Enchenopa binotata
Other Name(s): Thorn Bug
Category: Cicada and Planthopper
Size (Adult; Length): 7mm to 9mm (0.27" to 0.35")
Colorwheel Graphic Colors: black, yellow
Descriptors: jump, hop, flying, fast, spine,
Relative Size Comparison
Typical Size Between 7mm (0.3in) and 9mm (0.4in)
Lo: 7mm
Md: 8mm
Hi: 9mm
Territorial Map*
U.S., Canada, and Mexico
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Canadian territory of Alberta graphic
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Canadian territory of Newfoundland and Labrador graphic
Canadian territory of Ontario graphic
Canadian territory of Quebec graphic
Canadian territory of Saskatchewan graphic
Territory map graphic of the country of Mexico
Contiguous United States shape map layer graphic
Alaska  
Hawaii  
Prince Edward Is.  
* MAP NOTES: The territorial heat map above showcases (in red) the states and territories of North America where the Two-marked Treehopper may be found (but is not limited to). This sort of data is useful when attempting to see concentrations of particular species across the continent as well as revealing possible migratory patterns over a species' given lifespan. Some insects are naturally confined by environment, weather, mating habits, food resources and the like while others see widespread expansion across most, or all, of North America. States/Territories shown above are a general indicator of areas inhabited by the Two-marked Treehopper. Insects generally go where they please, typically driven by diet, environmental changes, and / or mating habits.

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