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Wavy-lined Heterocampa (Heterocampa biundata)


Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Wavy-lined Heterocampa



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The mossy green and brown colors on the Wavy-lined Heterocampa allow the adult to blend into the verdant foliage of its chosen host.



Updated: 07/15/2021; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org
Wavy-lined Heterocampa Moths are a lovely shade of sage green. Green fringe-like hairs from the abdomen may stick out from under the sides of the wings. Two rows of tan or brown scalloped lines cross the forewings. A dark smudge appears on the lower part of them as well as a brown, bean-shaped spot. The lower part of the wings has a small, black wedge near the bottom. Antennae are comb-like. Familiar sights on the eastern part of the continent, Wavy-lined Heterocampas do well in long summers.

Caterpillars feed on the leaves of a variety of deciduous trees like apple, willow, birch, and hickory as well as on woody shrubs. They may be green or brown overall and have flat faces. The dorsal (top) side typically has white or yellow markings that may extend the length of the body, or just simply form a 'V' at the rear. A green 'X' may be be present at the center of the body. Red, brown, and orange colors also are also possible along the body, helping it look more like a dried out leaf. The rear end splits into a two-pronged fork, or 'tail'. Some individuals are unique in appearance thanks to a set of antlers, much like those seen on deer or elk, rising out of the body just behind the head. Two broods can be produced each year if the season is warm enough.




General Characteristics
Capability, Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers
Insect antennae icon
Flying insect icon




Taxonomic Hierarchy
Species Breakdown
Kingdom: Animalia
  Phylum: Arthropoda
    Class: Insecta
      Order: Lepidoptera
        Family: Notodontidae
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          Genus: Heterocampa
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            Species: biundata
Identifying Information
Size, Colors, Features
Scientific Name: Heterocampa biundata
Category: Butterfly or Moth
Size (Adult; Length): 25mm to 30mm (0.98" to 1.18")
Colorwheel Graphic Colors: green, brown, black
Descriptors: wavy, scalloped, mossy green, comb antennae, black smudges, flying
Relative Size Comparison
Typical Size Between 25mm (1.0in) and 30mm (1.2in)
Lo: 25mm
Md: 27.5mm
Hi: 30mm
Territorial Map*
U.S., Canada, and Mexico
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Territory map graphic of the country of Mexico
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Alaska  
Hawaii  
Prince Edward Is.  
* MAP NOTES: The territorial heat map above showcases (in red) the states and territories of North America where the Wavy-lined Heterocampa may be found (but is not limited to). This sort of data is useful when attempting to see concentrations of particular species across the continent as well as revealing possible migratory patterns over a species' given lifespan. Some insects are naturally confined by environment, weather, mating habits, food resources and the like while others see widespread expansion across most, or all, of North America. States/Territories shown above are a general indicator of areas inhabited by the Wavy-lined Heterocampa. Insects generally go where they please, typically driven by diet, environmental changes, and / or mating habits.

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