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White Oak Borer Beetle (Goes tigrinus)


Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the White Oak Borer Beetle



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Image Credit: Marcus J. from MO
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Image Credit: Marcus J. from MO
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Image Credit: Robert D. taken at Bull Shoals Lake, MO
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Image Credit: Robert D. taken at Bull Shoals Lake, MO
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The White Oak Borer Beetle is a Long-Horned beetle that can be a bit troublesome if its numbers get out of control.



Updated: 08/23/2019; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org
The White Oak Borer Beetle is a member of the Long-Horned Beetle family. All of them have extraordinarily long antennae; even twice the length of the beetle's own body. Most members are good fliers and are attracted to lights at night. Adults drink flower nectar. This species of beetle is partial to white oak trees, sometimes becoming serious pests. The beetle itself is brown and ivory. A yellow 'v'-shaped notch sits at the top of the elytra. The pronotum has raised black bumps on the sides and yellow ones across the top. The adult female lays her eggs on a tree, preferring the White Oak tree. Once the larvae hatch, they begin digging tunnels into the sapwood of the giant tree, destroying its vascular tissue. The breaks in xylem and phloem disrupt the flow of nutrients and debilitate the tree's ability to move water and food up and down the trunk. This potentially starves the tree over time.

Fortunately, this species of beetle is slow to develop into adulthood. It may be three to four years before larvae emerge from an infected tree to lay new eggs for another generation. This gives predators, tree specialists, and other population control measures time to reduce their numbers and slow the spread of the beetle.




General Characteristics
Capability, Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers
Flying insect icon
Harmful insect icon
Pest insect icon




Taxonomic Hierarchy
Species Breakdown
Kingdom: Animalia
  Phylum: Arthropoda
    Class: Insecta
      Order: Coleoptera
        Family: Cerambycidae
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          Genus: Goes
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            Species: tigrinus
Identifying Information
Size, Colors, Features
Scientific Name: Goes tigrinus
Category: Beetle
Size (Adult; Length): 15mm to 25mm (0.59" to 0.98")
Colorwheel Graphic Colors: white; black
Descriptors: flying, harmful, tree pest
Relative Size Comparison
Typical Size Between 15mm (0.6in) and 25mm (1.0in)
Lo: 15mm
Md: 20mm
Hi: 25mm
Territorial Map*
U.S., Canada, and Mexico
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Territory map graphic of the country of Mexico
Contiguous United States shape map layer graphic
Alaska  
Hawaii  
Prince Edward Is.  
* MAP NOTES: The territorial heat map above showcases (in red) the states and territories of North America where the White Oak Borer Beetle may be found (but is not limited to). This sort of data is useful when attempting to see concentrations of particular species across the continent as well as revealing possible migratory patterns over a species' given lifespan. Some insects are naturally confined by environment, weather, mating habits, food resources and the like while others see widespread expansion across most, or all, of North America. States/Territories shown above are a general indicator of areas inhabited by the White Oak Borer Beetle. Insects generally go where they please, typically driven by diet, environmental changes, and / or mating habits.

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